Construction of small gardens

Construction of small gardens

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Make a small garden

Anyone would like to own a garden, even limited, but all its own. It would be the ideal place to spend hours of leisure in contact with nature and with the possibility of demonstrating all possible creativity. If you have a small plot of land available, your dream could come true but you have to know how to plan things well and above all choose plants that adapt to the available space.
If you are careful and plant trees, flowers and plants at a not too close distance, you can build a neat and productive garden, otherwise you will have to spend most of your time pruning the plants that would be too intrusive.
The space to occupy, in the realization of small gardens, in fact, must be right and it is necessary to adhere to a certain prospect, without exaggerating even if one would like to plant infinite qualities of plants and flowers but the main rule of a perfect gardener, is that the plants , they must never touch each other.
A garden, even if small, must be clean and tidy, it must excel in aesthetics and must be admired for the beauty of the planted elements.

The garden project

Even a piece of land can be turned into a small green oasis and allow the realization small gardens of great charm. First, start designing your garden, even if mentally. Think about how you would like it and plant fruit trees, small shrubs or just flowering plants.
For small gardens, plan the location of various flower beds and think about how you want to outline them. Identify the materials you need for the delimitation of the latter and start asking the costs of the various manufacturing companies.
Find out in a nursery which plants to put in the ground and opt for evergreen plants that give the turf an aesthetic appearance that is always at the top. Think also of the fence of the small land that today is made with prefabricated modules made of lots of materials so your imagination can range.
Before planting anything, buy a soil pH meter to see what it belongs to. Only in this way you will be able to know what kind of plants to grow in order to keep them in perfect shape. Finally, start cleaning your piece of land, freeing it from weeds and any rocky formations.
If the piece of land that you want to use as a garden is in front of your home, also design a driveway even if small. Contact retailers to find out about paving prices or gravel prices to form the boulevard. Once you have your garden design in your mind, you can proceed.

Recommended plants for a small garden


Flower Maple
Shrubs Azalea
Trees Ginkgo biloba
White birch

How to start

It has always been said that haste is a bad counselor, so think carefully about each step before buying some items that you might later regret. The first thing to do is the fence of the small land so that your garden will finally have a precise delimitation and then you can think about its contents.
The fence is made according to your budget and can also be very cheap like a simple wire mesh. If this is the solution you have chosen, buy yourself the net that you will anchor to the ground using fir or beech wood poles that can be found in the brico center and that you will have cut to size.
If instead you want something more solid and sophisticated, keep in mind that today modern technology allows the use of modules to be anchored to the ground of different types and qualities. There are metal nets filled with bricks that are solid and give a high degree of security and privacy, then there are solid plastic modules in PVC that have the shape of a fence in various colors starting from the bronze tone to finish with white.
There are also walls of tuff bricks which must be built by masons with the use of cement mortar and you can also create a wall of perforated bricks to be plastered and tiled if you wish, with bricks or tiles. In short, the choice is very varied and your tastes and needs will be optimally respected. Naturally choose a gate that can form the entrance, appropriate to the fence you have chosen.

How to choose the driveway

After fencing your future garden, you have to think about the driveway that leads from the entrance to the entrance of the house. Even if small, the avenue must be created, so that on both sides of it, two lots of land will be created which you will then have to embellish with flowers and plants. The driveway can be formed by slabs spaced about 12 centimeters apart and buried or laid on a concrete bed. You can alternatively make a gravel driveway that even if pleasing to the eye presents some difficulties such as the passage of bicycles or strollers or even wheelchairs for the disabled, so it is up to you to evaluate. Finally you can make a simple paved driveway, cheap and without any pretense. Another alternative is to pave the driveway with outdoor tiles that can be in granite with decorations or not

How to form flower beds

On the two sides of the path, there are two small lots of land that you will have to embellish with plants and flowers. The soil that you have previously cleaned will certainly be dry. Water it and fertilize it then start by marking off small areas with stones or pebbles or with inverted tiles so that a rhomboid shape is formed. This solution is very economical, but you can replace the stones more with more elaborate curbs or boundaries.
In each flowerbed that you will organize in a precise and orderly manner, you will put one or two plants of flowers as perennial as possible. If you want to plant some fruit trees, do so by planting saplings that do not have intrusive roots, on the sides of the path so this will be at the same time delimited.
Especially if the fence you have installed does not give much space to privacy, from the inside of the garden and just below it, plant ivy plants of the variety you like. After a short time growing up, this plant will climb to the fence, giving you fresh and privacy.

How to understand the nature of the terrain

Understanding the nature of the soil in your garden is an important aspect as it will allow you to choose the right plants. A very simple method is to pick up a handful of earth and gently squeeze it between your fingers in order to perceive its consistency.
If it is sticky it means that the soil has a good clay content, on the contrary it will have a greater sand content if the earth is crumbly, ie it crumbles in your hands. However, both a clay and a sandy soil must be improved, for example by using a natural organic fertilizer before planting the plants you have chosen.

The choice of colors

Depending on your taste, you can choose to create your small garden with color contrasts and flowers of many colors, or create small monochrome areas. In any case you can follow these little tips to choose the best: if you want to enjoy the view of the garden from the inside of the house it is preferable to arrange the soft colors at greater distances from the house and the more lively ones in the most visible points.
Light colors such as white, cream or pale yellow convey tranquility and freshness and stand out in the light of the setting sun, while bright colors such as red and orange should be used with caution because they risk making the garden look smaller if placed at end of the available space.

The reference points

A small garden can be enhanced by creating reference points, or points on which to focus attention when observing. For example, if you want to give your small garden a natural connotation, insert natural elements such as rocks as focal points. Another point of reference can be a series of steps or a meandering path that crosses the garden.
Fundamental to characterize a garden, even if small, are the vases: individually or grouped they can be placed along a path, on a staircase or along a border. Even brightly colored flowers catch the attention so they will be placed in the areas we want to enhance.

Trees ideal for small gardens

The choice of the type of tree to be placed in a small garden must be made not only considering the shape, the color of the flowering or the leaves in autumn, the fact that it is evergreen or deciduous, but it is essential to know the dimensions it will reach. as an adult.
This is important because a tree that attains excessive size will periodically and frequently be pruned, and because a large foliage corresponds to an equally large root system that could damage, for example, external paving.
To mention some trees of small dimensions and recommended for small spaces we take into consideration, for the deciduous trees, the white birch, the parrozia, the golden rain tree and the Ginkgo biloba, while for evergreens we recommend the holly and the Colorado fir.

Errors to be avoided

In order to make your stay in your garden more pleasant and to facilitate maintenance operations, there are design errors that you should know and avoid. For example, if you want to beautify your small garden with perimeter hedges, do not choose them too tall and bulky as they may shade too much and give a sense of closure.
If you have to choose flooring, avoid light colors that are difficult to clean; in addition, too light materials in areas exposed to the sun can create a boring reflection. If you want to build a barbeque area, arrange it not far from the kitchen or from drinking water sources.

The maintenance

When deciding to design a garden we must take into consideration the time we can spend on it to carry out maintenance work. If we have a lot of time we can enrich the garden with a large variety of plants which, after constant care, will repay us with beautiful flowers and lush growth.
When we decide to cultivate a large variety of species it is important to consider that the desired balance is maintained, that is, that a plant does not invade too much, going to suffocate the others.
In the event that the time to devote to our garden is little the advice is to choose evergreen plants that need less maintenance and soil less in autumn.

Construction of small gardens: The furnishing elements

A garden is an oasis that must be exploited both when we want to relax and when we have guests. For a small garden the optimal solution is the folding furniture that, once stored, takes up little space. The folding furniture can be found either in teak with vertical or horizontal slats or in wrought iron, depending on your tastes.
As for the tables, it is better to choose the extendable ones that from 1.5 m can reach 2 m in length; the round folding tables are very practical, some models occupy a space of only 20 cm and must not be placed against the wall.
The last nice solution is the interlocking table and chairs set: once folded, the chairs disappear under the table top when not in use.
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