Monumental trees

Monumental trees

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Monumental trees

The monumental trees are very particular trees, which have reached very large dimensions and an age above the average. Generally their life cycle of these trees is very long and they are species that reach and overtake the century of life.
To live and grow they need large areas of land, and often they do not tolerate the proximity to other trees that would limit their development.
Generally these trees are accurately marked in regional or provincial maps that identify monumental plants. These are in fact trees that are important both in terms of nature and culture, trees that have a remarkable value not only for plant lovers.
Under the definition of monumental trees we find both native trees that have reached enormous dimensions and trees that notoriously have incredible heights such as the sequoias and the baobabs.


It is an evergreen monumental tree.
The stem is erect, reaching a height of up to 70-80 meters and a diameter of up to 2 meters, covered with a rough bark tending to flake.
The branches, well developed, have a horizontal course in the lower areas, while they develop vertically in the upper areas.
The leaves are rigid, with a considerable thickness, leaning against each other, and show a scaly shape with an apically placed spine.
Their color varies from light green to dark green, to reach black.
The flowers, very large, have a spherical shape; being a dioecious plant (with male and female flowers placed on different trees), it has male or female flowers, of inconspicuous appearance.
The fruits are conical cones, similar to pine cones, and rich in seeds.
It requires well-drained, soft and deep soils to support the weight of the plant.
It lives well in very sunny and bright positions, it fears the wind.
It prefers mild or warm climates: its ideal temperature is between 12 and 20 degrees and should never fall below 7 degrees or exceed 25.
It is advisable to water the plants when they are young and as soon as they are housed, then rainwater is enough to irrigate them.
It is advisable to carry out regular fertilizing cycles using liquid fertilizers for acidophilic plants


It is a monumental ornamental tree.
It has an erect trunk, up to 20-30 meters high, with a diameter of up to 15 meters, with a fibrous consistency on the outside and a spongy consistency on the inside; covered with a smooth brown or gray bark.
The branches are large at the point of insertion, and then taper off towards the ends.
The leaves are simple, oval and elongated, with alternate insertion.
The flowers, very large, have a white color and a corolla with well separated petals; they appear isolated or in pairs.
The fruits are oval or cylindrical in shape, they are edible for humans and show a woody consistency on the outside and fleshy on the inside.
It requires a loose, sandy and well-drained soil, without the addition of organic material.
It lives well in very bright places, even in direct sunlight.
Protect from the cold: the temperature must never be below 5 degrees.
It must be watered early in life, and mainly during the warm months.
Fertilization is recommended at least once a month using nitrogen-free fertilizers.


It is an evergreen monumental tree.
It has an erect stem, height up to 80-110 meters, covered with a thick and fibrous reddish bark.
It is very long-lived: it can live even 2000 years.
The branches are large and form a pyramid-shaped crown.
The leaves are flat needles, not pungent, arranged in a spiral and dark green.
Those that receive poor lighting are flattened and give off a characteristic aroma of candle wax.
The male flowers are arranged apically, of yellow color and of small dimensions.
The female ones have the shape of elongated cones, with a woody consistency, and contain winged seeds.
It requires deep, well-drained soils with an acid component.
It lives well both in sunny areas and in shady areas, preferably with a lot of humidity.
It prefers temperate climates and fears drafts.
It does not tolerate pollution.
It must be watered in the early stages of life.
Fertilization is recommended at least once a year with granular fertilizers or mature manure.


It is a monumental ornamental tree.
It has an imposing trunk, with a height up to 30-40 meters, straight, covered with a smooth bark, of dark gray color.
The branches are inserted horizontally and form a conical crown.
The leaves are thin and elongated, with rounded ends and bright dark green color.
The fruits, inserted in the upper part of the tree, appear as cylindrical and compact pine cones, light green in color that turns towards dark brown.
They have the characteristic of remaining on the tree even when the leaves are thinned.
It requires a deep, fresh, well-drained soil, rich in humus and organic substance.
It must be housed in particularly bright areas, even if it tolerates cold and humid climates.
It must be watered abundantly during the first phases of housing the plant, and then only use rainwater for its irrigation.
To develop at its best it needs a lot of humidity.
Fertilization must be done at least once a year using well-balanced fertilizers.


  1. Laudegrance

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  2. Adnan

    This is a very valuable message

  3. Calibome

    informative article

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