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With the arrival of the summer season it is important, if not fundamental, to protect the skin of the face and of one's body with suitable sunscreens; although, in fact, the tan apparently gives a more radiant and healthy look to anyone, in reality this practice requires responsibility and patience, since UVA, UVB and IR rays can have really harmful effects on the skin. Specifically, in fact, the UVA rays are those that penetrate the dermis, going to affect the elasticity with a consequent premature aging (appearance of wrinkles); UVB rays, on the other hand, have side effects on the external part of the epidermis, causing cellular mutations, until the appearance of real melanomas. Finally, IR rays are able to reach the deepest part of the skin, that is the layer called hypodermis, causing a serious dryness, on which it is difficult to intervene if not with specialized and often expensive sessions. Therefore, after having illustrated the negative aspects of tanning, it must be said, however, that with a cream suitable for your skin type, used correctly and avoiding exposure during the hottest hours of the day, you can fully enjoy the beneficial aspects of the sun without worries; below, a series of tips to choose the right sunscreen for your skin type, use it to the fullest and repeat the application at the right time.
How to choose the most suitable sunscreen for your skin type
The choice of the most suitable sunscreen for your skin type requires, first of all, the support of a competent and technical person, able, therefore, to recognize the skin phototype of the person in front of you and to advise you in the best way about the purchase. Therefore, as the first factor to be taken into consideration, it is necessary to identify the skin phototype that one has, of which four classifications can be made: phototypes 1 and 2 (very light skin, red or very blond hair, presence of freckles and difficulty in sun tanning), skin type 3 (medium-light skin, brown hair, tendency to get sunburn if they are not exposed to the sun gradually, but a gradual tan), skin type 4 (dark skin, dark hair and tendency to tan easily without sunburn). Keep in mind that the lower the skin type, the more the skin needs a sunscreen with a high protective factor; the second aspect to consider when choosing a sun protection is that of the place where you will go to sunbathe: the sea and the mountain, in fact, require different protective creams, as the latitude is clearly different. If, therefore, your destination is the mountain, proceed with the purchase of a cream that contains a 50+ protection factor (especially on the ski slopes the sun's glare is really very powerful, with the risk of strong insolations); if the destination, instead, is the sea, start with a 40 protection for the face and a 30 for the body, at least for the first few days (the golden sand, the crystalline water and the wind could enhance the effect of the sun without that you don't even notice). Different discourse, then, for the tropics, a destination that undoubtedly requires a treatment similar to that of the mountains, without any exception even for those who, on the other hand, are already a tanned one: here, in fact, the sun is really very strong and white sand has the same effect as snow.
Application and protection factor of sunscreens on the market
Currently on the market there are sunscreens with different circumscribable protection factors, according to the new regulations issued by the European Commission, in four different levels: low protection (all creams that have an index from 6 to 10), medium protection (all creams with a protection index variable from 15 to 25), high protection (protection factor ranging from a minimum of 30 to 50) and very high protection (index from 50 upwards). As regards, then, the application of sun cream, to keep in mind that this must be spread on face and body in a homogeneous way at least half an hour before exposing oneself to direct sunlight; although most sunscreens are resistant to water, it is always advisable to repeat the application every time you exit the water and you are exposed to the sun and to avoid bad sunburn, avoid the hottest hours of the day, ie from 12 to 15.
Type of sun creams
Thanks to continuous studies in dermatology and aesthetics, the texture of sunscreens has become increasingly more varied, depending on the different needs; This has allowed us, therefore, to expand the range of products on the market compared to a few years ago: from creamy, liquid, spray or oil or gel products, sunscreens now satisfy everyone. As for the face, it is advisable to always apply a cream, or a sun spray or liquid milk, but avoid as much as possible oils or gels, usually more aggressive and less moisturizing for the skin; for the body, on the other hand, go-ahead to creams in spray (quick to apply even in the most difficult to reach points) and oils that leave no trace, but always with the presence of a protection factor inside.