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The flower is the reproductive organ of the plant, the part of it more striking and colored than that able to attract attention by creating chromatic effects of considerable visual impact. Grown on the balcony of the house, on the terrace or inside the garden, the potted plants with their spring flowers of a thousand colors and perfumes are able to give beauty and vitality. Sometimes a vase of flowers is enough to embellish the darkest of environments and if some species such as geraniums, petunias and fuchsias have by now acquired great notoriety, it is good to know that many alternatives are available on the market that can personalize, giving a touch of color and originality, every corner of the house and garden. The ornamental pot plants need special care, their soil becomes rapidly depleted by depriving them of the nutrients they need to survive. It will therefore be advisable to periodically carry out the reinforcement of the plant, consisting of adding fresh soil to the roots to facilitate their development. the invaded or the passage of the plant in a larger container to accommodate its growth should on the other hand never be carried out when the plants are in bloom since some species in particular the more delicate ones may not bear the fatigue of such a change and consequently wither . There are plants that bloom in certain environmental and climatic conditions and others that need space and sufficient amount of land and light to develop; it is therefore advisable to choose one's own ornamental plants so that they proliferate in optimal conditions, giving beauty and vitality with flowers of all shapes and colors.
The geranium, belonging to the Geraniaceae family, is a very decorative plant native to Southern Africa, cultivated mainly for ornamental purposes. Thanks to the beauty of its flowers which, depending on the variety, can be red, pink, orange, lilac or white and the ease with which the geranium can be cultivated in a vase or flowerbed is now the most common outdoor plant on the balconies and in gardens throughout Italy. It prefers warm weather and lighted environments even if excessive exposure to strong sun or intense cold could easily damage it. The fragrant flowers and the very lively colors generally last throughout the summer even though there are varieties of geranium with winter flowering. The most widespread variety is the zonal geranium with red or pink flowers and the characteristic broad and darker leaves inside; equally common are the grandiflorum varieties, the very fragrant Graveolens, the Capitatum geranium from which the geramio oil is obtained, the Edera geranium and the imperial geranium with delicate and fragrant white and lilac flowers.
It is a genus of plants belonging to the Solanaceae family originating from South America. It has a thin and fragile branched stem and the oval leaves are covered with a light down and give off an intense fragrance. Petunia is one of the most suitable ornamental plants for growing in pots, it grows very well in warm and sunny environments while it does not tolerate cold and wind. It is sown in late winter and blooms profusely during the summer; the tubular-shaped flower with a enlarged funnel-shaped corolla is similar to that of the tobacco plant. Petun is in fact an archaic term used by some Brazilian indigenous populations to indicate tobacco. The flowers of Petunia, depending on the variety, take on different colors which are generally very lively and vary from white to purple to violet. The most widespread species are the Petunia violacea and the Petunia nyctoginiflora from which all other ornamental varieties are derived.
The Viola belongs to the violet family and is native to the tropical areas of Europe and America where it grows spontaneously. It is a very small plant and can also be grown in small pots. Pansy or Viola Tricolor is the most common species in our area. It can reach a maximum height of 15 centimeters and from May to September produces flowers with the characteristic tricolor corolla in which yellow, white and lilac are present. However, there are numerous hybrid varieties whose flowers can be of different sizes and colors (yellow, white, red, purple, blue, indigo, brown, etc.). Among the most decorative varieties, violet with flowers of violet, pink, purple, yellow or white flowers from February to April, while the odorata or viola variety of Parma produces double flowers of a deep purple color, very beautiful and fragrant. Very particular are the flowers of the horned violet attached to the stem by a small horn. The horned violet can exceed 25 centimeters in height, flowers between March and July giving violet, purple, lavender and white flowers.