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Planting red currants. Red currant varieties

Planting red currants. Red currant varieties



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Red currant or Common currant, or Garden currant - a berry culture widespread across the globe, the bushes of which are found in almost every summer cottage and not only.

It is easy to care for red currants, the bushes give a rich harvest. Various desserts, compotes, preserves, etc. can be made from berries.

Planting red currants

It is necessary to plant currants at the end of summer or at the beginning of autumn. Two-year and one-year-old seedlings are planted at a distance of one and a half to two meters, both along fences and in summer cottages. On the latter, the bushes are placed in several rows, between which a two-meter distance is left.

In order for the currant bushes to grow safely and bear fruit, it is necessary to carefully prepare the soil (loosen, fertilize, water).

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It is preferable to plant bushes on low elevations. In lowlands, water usually accumulates, which can flood shrubs. Try to deploy the planting away from trees and buildings, as red currants like sunny places.

Prepare pits with a diameter of at least a meter, then put eight to ten kilograms of manure in each of them, and also add a mixture of potassium sulfate, wood ash, and superphosphate. If you are planting currants in acidic soil, then add some of the ground limestone to it.

The process itself has its own nuances. For example, the tips of the roots of the seedling need to be trimmed and dipped in a mixture of mullein or clay so that they are firmly fixed in the soil.

The neck of the root should be deepened slightly, by about five centimeters, no more, but when twitching, the bush should not come out of the ground. After planting is complete, it is necessary to water the soil near the bushes and cut their top about twenty centimeters above the ground.

In summer cottages, currants are planted along the fences at a distance of one and a half meters. Can be planted in a separate area. The distance between the seedlings is two meters.

The currant is planted strictly vertically. The neck of the root should be flush with the soil. The plant tolerates carbonate soil, so it can be planted in such areas.

Water the currants from the ratio of one bucket to 2-3 bushes. After watering, fertilizer is poured around the bushes - peat or humus.

To create favorable conditions for the development of plants, every year the soil is dug up near them. So water gets inside easier to nourish the roots. In the spring, the soil is loosened and weeds removed.

To get rid of weeds, you need to mulch regularly. The mulch is applied immediately after the first loosening. The soil at this time contains the necessary supply of water.

Manure, sawdust, peat or straw are poured under the bushes. The mulch layer should be four to fifteen centimeters. After processing, the soil remains loose throughout the summer.

On a note:

If you are planting currants in the fall, then place different varieties next to it. This will provide cross-pollination, which will have a beneficial effect on yields.

Red currant varieties

Assora

Sprawling bush. Its height is one and a half meters. Berries are medium in size, light red in color. Average number of seeds. Late variety.

Buzhanskaya

The height of the bush is one and a half meters. Grows upright, very productive. The berries are bright red, with a thin skin, and are large in size. Bunches of different lengths. The taste of the berries is sweet and sour. They ripen at the same time and practically do not crumble to the ground.

Valentinovka

Quite tall bush - from 1.4 to 1.9 meters, grows straight, leaves are thick. Berries weight - 0.5 g, small, one-dimensional, red. The seeds are large and there are quite a few of them. The size of the brushes is over ten centimeters. Hang down evenly. The berries taste sour. Ripen in late July - early August. From one bush, you can collect up to three and a half kilograms of berries.

Natalie

Weakly spreading, dense bush of one and a half meter length. Large berries, weighing up to one gram. In shape, they are slightly elongated towards the base. The color is deep red. There are few seeds, all of medium length. The length of the brush is about eight centimeters. It can be either more or less. The taste, like many berries, is sweet and sour.

The ripening period falls in mid-July. Harvest from a bush - up to eight kilograms. The berries are delicious.

Leader

Average ripening period of berries. The bush is slightly spreading, one and a half meter. The berries weigh up to one gram, they are round in shape, with a thin skin, red in color. Seeds are small in small quantities.

The brush is longer than in previous species - up to thirteen millimeters. The taste of the berries is sweet. Ripen in early - mid-July. From one bush, you can collect about three kilograms of the crop.

Viksne

The berries ripen early. The spreading bush reaches a height of 1.8 meters. Its shape is wrong. The berries are cherry-colored and medium-sized. There are very few seeds, but they are quite large in size.

The taste is very pleasant, delicate, sweet and sour. The berry ripens in late June - early July. The currant bush can infect the red-gall aphid. From one bush, you can collect up to five kilograms of berries.

Vika

The berries ripen early. The height of the bush is up to one and a half meters, dense, upright.

Berries of medium size, purple-red color. There are enough seeds, the skin on the berries is thin. The brush is dense, hangs down beautifully, its length can be more than ten ml. The taste of berries is sweet and sour, and the share of sweet is higher. Currants ripen at the end of July.

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Dutch pink

A compact bush, one and a half meters high with large pink berries. The number of seeds is medium, the skin of the berries is thin. Up to five kilograms of harvest can be harvested from one bush.

The brush is quite long, the berries growing on it are very tasty. The beginning of ripening is mid-July.

Darnitsa

The height of the bush is up to 1.8 meters. Berries are large, dark red in color. Many people like it. The berries ripen in the midst of July. The currant bush is resistant to disease.

Generous

Powerful, dense, wide bush up to two meters in height. The shape of the berries is slightly elongated, their color is translucent, bright red. The seeds are large in size, but there are very few of them. The brush is the shortest of the options presented - only six centimeters. The taste of the berries is pleasant, moderately sour.

Ripening occurs at the end of June - beginning of July. Flowers fall off due to frost damage. Unfortunately, the plant is not resistant to other diseases either.

Konstantinovskaya

Weakly spreading one and a half meter, dense bush. Berries of different sizes - from medium to large, slightly compressed from the sides and with a slight sheen. The seeds are small and medium in size.

The brush is dense, reaching a length of nine centimeters. The berries taste sweet and sour, ripen in mid-July. You can harvest four kilograms of the crop from a bush. The bush does not "take" fungal diseases and aphids.

Dream

A vigorous bush, up to two meters in height, dense. Red berries of different sizes, both large and medium. The brush is hanging down, up to seven millimeters in length. The berries are sweet and sour. The berries ripen in the middle of summer, from one bush they can be harvested up to seven kilograms. Powdery mildew can affect the bush.

Now you know some types of red currants, from more than fifty, and how to care for them.

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