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In the unfavorable climatic conditions of Russia, unpretentious and high-yielding varieties of agricultural plants are of great importance.
It is very good if at the same time they are resistant to pests and have good taste properties. The Finnish potato Timo Hankkijan is deservedly popular with gardeners.
In this article you will find not only a complete description of the variety, but also get acquainted with its characteristics and cultivation features.
Description of the variety
|Variety name||Timo Hankkiyan|
|general characteristics||early table variety of Finnish selection with good taste|
|Ripening period||50-65 days|
|Mass of marketable tubers||100-110 gr|
|The number of tubers in the bush||5-9|
|Yield||up to 380 c / ha|
|Consumer qualities||good taste, does not darken|
|Pulp color||light yellow|
|Preferred growing regions||North, North-West, Central|
|Disease resistance||low resistance to late blight, golden potato cyst nematode and scab|
|Growing features||reacts well to fertilizers, is afraid of sudden changes in temperature|
|Originator||BOREAL PLANT BREEDING (Finland)|
This potato variety has oval tubers with a yellow or light brown thin skin. The eyes are almost invisible, of medium depth. The color of the pulp is yellow or light yellow. The starch content is about 14%, the pulp is boiled, with high taste properties.
The amount of starch in potato tubers of other varieties:
|Innovator||up to 15%|
Due to the fact that Timo's potatoes are dug up early, the mass of tubers varies from 60 to 120 g.
This variety compares favorably with the fact that it is cultivated in almost all regions of Russia, it is included in the State Register. Since the climatic conditions in different regions vary greatly, then the yield of this variety also varies.
For example, in the Northern region the yield is 150-200 c / ha, in the North-West - 230-380 c / ha, in the Far East it can reach 300 c / ha.
And in the table below you can see what the yield and the percentage of marketability of tubers in other potato varieties are:
|Variety name||Productivity (kg / ha)||Marketability of tubers (%)|
Taste qualities highly appreciated by consumers. The variety belongs to early ripening, in the southern regions, young potatoes can be picked 40 days after planting, in general, the crop is harvested after 70-80 days.
Table potatoes, intended for both cooking and frying, can withstand long-term storage. Marketability is 70-90%. This variety is resistant to both drought and excess moisture content.
Read more about the timing, temperature and problems of storing potatoes in additional articles on our website. And also about how to store root vegetables in winter, in boxes, on the balcony, peeled, in the refrigerator.
There are no special requirements for the soil; in this case, the general rule for potatoes is true - in sandy soils, the yield and taste of tubers are higher than in clay soils.
This variety is very resistant to diseases and pests.... High resistance to scab, rhizoctonia, potato crayfish, black leg, average resistance to late blight, but the specificity of the variety is that the crop is harvested, as a rule, before late blight appears in the soil.
It is very resistant to the leaf-rolling virus and the potato virus strain M, so you can not renew the seed for a long time, the potato practically does not degenerate. Potatoes are susceptible to golden nematodes.
The variety is characterized by satisfactory shelf life.
The bush is of medium height, spreading. The corolla is small, light purple or bluish purple, the number of flowers is different, from small to large. The leaves are large or very large, the silhouette is closed or intermediate, the color is green or light green.
Agricultural technology for this variety is standard. Seed material is sprouted tubers, potatoes are grown in the open field, depending on the region, they are introduced into the soil in April-May.
Sowing scheme - 60 * 35 cm, shallow planting depth, no more than 5 cm, a hole with a tuber can simply be sprinkled with earth for the early emergence of powerful and friendly seedlings. Such a small embedding then requires the obligatory hilling of the bushes.
Attention: this variety is recommended to be grown after flax, annual or perennial grasses or winter crops.
Potatoes are fed to increase yields and accelerate vegetation... For the first time, only the emerging seedlings can be sprayed with a nutrient solution.
During the development of the tops, you can feed the plants with a solution of 0.5 liters of manure in a bucket of water, adding this liquid under each bush.
Gardeners traditionally use nettle rotted in water to feed potatoes. 10 kg of finely chopped nettle can be kept in a 100 liter barrel of water for a week, then add a bucket of manure, mix and pour about 1 liter of the resulting fertilizer under each bush.
The second time they feed with the development of the bud, taking 1 glass of ash in a bucket of water, pour half a liter of solution on each bush... During flowering, top dressing is applied for the third time, diluting 1 glass of manure per 10 liters of water, and half a liter of liquid is also added to each bush.
For more information about what, how and when to fertilize potatoes, how to do it correctly when planting, read the detailed materials on the site.
It is not recommended to water the potatoes after planting, as in this case the roots will germinate to a sufficient depth.
The need for watering is moderate, by eye you can be guided by the beginning of wilting of the lower leaves of the bush... Watering early in the morning or in the evening with water from a barrel heated to a temperature of 15-20 degrees. During the flowering period, you need to water more abundantly.
It is imperative to periodically loosen the soil to a depth of 2-3 cm in order to improve root respiration and at the same time weed out small weeds. It is necessary to begin to loosen a week after planting; during the operation, care must be taken not to damage the stems and not to dig out the nodules ahead of time. Mulching can also be used to control weeds.
Hilling is also necessary, as for any variety of potatoes, it is necessary to accelerate the growing season, as well as to prevent late blight. The first time, huddle the stems 15 cm high, the second time 12 days after the first.
Of course, it is necessary to identify and eliminate plant pests as they appear.
Thus, Timo Hankkiyan is one of the most popular varieties of early maturing potatoes, zoned throughout the country.
Potatoes have a fairly high yield, excellent taste, it can be dug up within 50 days after planting.
The positive side is also a high resistance to a number of bacterial and fungal diseases, but the variety is not protected from golden nematodes. Read also about such common diseases as Alternaria, Fusarium, Verticilliasis. It is grown mainly in sandy soils, starting from the end of April, during the development of the bush, the plants are fed with a solution of manure or rotted nettle and spud 3 times.
We also invite you to get acquainted with other varieties that have a wide variety of ripening periods:
|Superearly||Early ripe||Medium early|
Growing potatoes both for personal consumption and on a business scale can be done in a variety of ways. We want to introduce you to Dutch technology, growing under straw, from seed, in barrels or bags, in boxes or boxes without a bottom.