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The greenhouse is a faithful assistant when growing strawberries, radishes, watermelons and vegetables.

The greenhouse is a faithful assistant when growing strawberries, radishes, watermelons and vegetables.


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If you are the owner of a blessed 6 acres or a solid land plot on which you plan to organize your own business for the cultivation and sale of agricultural products, the question of choosing methods of growing and seedling, and early vegetables will surely arise.

Growing various plants outdoors, especially in risky farming areas, is too unpredictable. And if it is possible to install one or more stationary greenhouses, their owner can consider himself lucky.

However, far more often gardeners and gardeners prefer small, easy to manufacture and economical greenhouses, which can be made literally from scrap materials.

Does each culture have its own greenhouse?

Almost all crops are suitable for growing in greenhouses. After all, eggplants, watermelons, peppers and tomatoes are southerners who do not tolerate low temperatures, even a slight frost can kill seedlings. At the first stage film shelters are necessary to maintain a constant microclimate. They will also help protect plants from hail, growth and fog, autumn frosts.

Vegetables

In film greenhouses, boxes covered with frames with polyethylene or glass, tunnels, it is convenient to grow many vegetables.

Greenhouse-tunnels collected from arcs, which are placed at a distance of 1.5 meters from each other. A strong plastic wrap is pulled tightly over these arcs.

Ridges in such greenhouses are made from a mixture of humus and manure, foliage, which, decomposing, warm the roots of plants and the air under the film. It is good to grow in such mini - greenhouses cucumbers, low-growing tomatoes, zucchini, squash.

Boxes, also filled with manure and covered with frames with glass or foil, are suitable for growing tomatoes, peppers.

On average, the use of film or wooden frames with glass reduces the time for obtaining the first crop by 3 weeks, sometimes 1 month.

For airing at the end of May - June, tunnels are opened on one or both sides. On hot days, the film is removed completely or half, covering the vegetables only for the night. In the second half of July - August, the film shelter will protect the plants from cold dews and keep them warm. Even at the end of August, you can feast on young cucumbers and zucchini.

Eggplant

One of the most delicate culturesin need of protected ground - eggplant... The soil in the greenhouse must be prepared in the fall.

Having removed the top layer of soil by 0.5 - about 8 meters in depth, posts are placed in the pit, to which the boards are attached. It is advisable to make two-layer wallsthat keep warm better. After removing the remains of tops, stems and leaves from the box, dig up the soil.

Spill it well with water and disinfect it: bleach - 100 grams per meter, or formalin, 250 grams of a 40 percent solution of which is diluted in 10 liters of water and shedding soil where young eggplants will grow.
These measures will help preserve all the seedlings.

Already in February - March, housewives sow eggplant seeds in indoor nurseries. In 2 - 3 weeks before disembarking in a greenhouse, the temperature in the room where the seedlings grow is lowered to 15 - 18 degrees. During the week before planting, they are fed with organic fertilizers, treated for diseases and pests. You can use Bordeaux liquid, you can profit.

Eggplants can be planted in greenhouses in the first decade of June. If warm sunny weather is established, the soil is warmed up, they will normally undergo acclimatization.

Eggplant ready to disembark, when the plant reaches 20 centimeters, 5-7 leaves have already grown on it.

Manure is poured onto the bottom of the future greenhouse a week before planting seedlings, and then a layer of earth. From above, the greenhouse is torn up with frames with polyethylene. Plants grow and develop well in such greenhouses: if necessary, the frames can be easily lifted or opened for ventilation.

It is necessary to dig well and loosen the soil.

Wells with a depth of 16 - 20 centimeters are made at a distance of 40 - 50 centimeters from each other. It is better to plant seedlings in one row, but if you decide to save space, you can plant the eggplants in a checkerboard pattern, increasing the distance by 10 centimeters.

Water abundantly seedlings 3 hours before transplanting, this will help to avoid damage to the root system.

Warm water is poured into the holes, then carefully place a bush in it, sprinkle it with soil.

After transplanting, you need to feed each seedling.

Greenhouse eggplants are higher than those grown outdoors, so as they grow it is necessary to tie up. Water the plants carefully, as the root system is located close to the surface. Daily watering, airing, feeding 3-6 times a month - and the harvest will amaze you.

Advice: If unexpected frosts break out, a metal bucket with hot coal, 5-10 liter plastic bottles with hot water can be lowered into a greenhouse with eggplants overnight and tightly closed. The heat remains up to 1 day.

Bow

Grow onions under plastic very simple. You can use the simplest film shelter, and a portable frame greenhouse, and a box.
Early harvest green feather can be obtained by planting a bow in the fall. Onions grow well in places where eggplants, tomatoes or beets were predecessors.

If you put it on forcing a feather, you can plant sevok close to each otherif you need turnip, plant it at a distance 25 - 30 centimeters apart. After finishing planting, cover the bed with a layer of peat, branches, film. In late March - early April, the shelter can be removed, the bed should be watered and covered with frames with glass, polyethylene or polycarbonate.

A full-fledged green feather can be cut in 3 to 4 weeks.

If you are planting onions in early spring, your first crop will be in May or early June. Remember to water, feed, and ventilate the onions on warm days.

Cabbage

It is very easy to grow cabbage in a greenhouse. In order to get a super early harvest, you need to take care of the seedlings. Seeds of early maturing cabbage varieties are sown in seedling boxes with light, organic-rich soil in mid-February.

Important: sowing is best with large seeds that produce stronger shoots.

  • For growing greenhouse cabbage, it is best to use buried box with double plank walls, capable of retaining heat well and not allowing the soil to crumble onto the plants. In late March - early April, you need to free it from snow, check the condition of the frames with which you will cover the greenhouse.
  • After the appearance of the first leaf, the seedlings need dive, seating at a distance of 5 - 10 centimeters from each other.
  • Greenhouse filled with bioorganic, which, when decomposed, warms up the soil well. A mixture of sod humus, chernozem and earth is poured on top. When the temperature in the greenhouse is 20 degrees, you can put cups with your seedlings there, allowing the plants to get used to the new microclimate before transplanting. But many people plant cabbage directly into the soil.
  • Distance between seedlings should not be less than 5 centimetersif you plan to plant cabbage outdoors. If it matures under the film, the distance between them should be 40-50 centimeters.
  • Watering requires special care: you need to moisten all the soil, pouring 1-2 liters for each plant, at least three buckets of water per 1 square meter. But at the same time, make sure that water does not fall on the leaves, so that the soil near the base of the stems does not erode. Do not pour out all the water at once, make sure that it is completely absorbed. Abundant watering - 1 time in 10 - 15 days. If the weather is sunny, warm, you need to water the cabbage once every 3-4 days, preventing the soil from drying out.

The first heads of white cabbage with this growing method can be cut off already in the middle of July.

Chinese cabbage, which for good growth and rapid ripening requires a high level of humidity, air temperature from 15 to 25 degrees and a lot of light, it grows well both in greenhouses - tunnels and in boxes. During the summer, from one site you can get two or even three harvests. Early varieties are planted in greenhouses under the film in the middle of April, late-ripening varieties - in mid-June. Peking cabbage can withstand temperatures below zero, so you can harvest it in the greenhouse in mid-October.

Important: Growing cauliflower and broccoli in greenhouses, you need to remember that they don't like the heat too much... When the air temperature rises to 25 degrees, not only open the greenhouse, but also water it in the middle of the day, to reduce the temperature, spray.

Top dressing is necessary plants, so that there is no stopping growth: every 7 - 10 days, be sure to water the cabbage with urea solutions at the rate of 2 tablespoons per bucket of water, organic fertilizers. These crops respond well to feeding with poultry droppings diluted in a ratio of 1:20 with water.

Radish

To grow radishes in a greenhouse, you need choose the brightest place - the plant does not tolerate a lack of sunlight.

These root crops can be planted in greenhouses already in early April. Best used for planting the largest seeds since the radishes grown from small radishes are almost always pointed.

You can sow radishes every 25 days, and from mid-August again use a film shelter in order to harvest until late autumn.

Important: Sow in greenhouses in April only early maturing varieties. Late ripening ones are suitable for August plantings.

Greens

Greens can be grown in a greenhouse by early May. Dill, lettuce, watercress, mustard, parsley are not afraid of frost. You can sow greens in a greenhouse prepared in the fall already in April. The film cover will protect you from the cold and keep you warm. Do not forget to water the seedlings, ventilate the greenhouse on sunny days. By the time the building is needed for other crops, greens will appear in the open field, but within 1 - 1, 5 months the greenhouse, usually empty in April - May, will be beneficial, delighting you with the first vitamins.

Conventional film stretched on arcs over a bed of dill or lettuce can be a hiding place, which can also help you get a very early harvest.

Flowers


Film shelters and greenhouses when growing flowers are necessary so that sudden frosts do not destroy the fruits of your labors.

Most often, to protect seedlings of flowers and already formed plants, they use tunnel greenhouses, pulling the film over the arcs when there is a threat of frost.

Such shelters allow to accelerate the growth of seedlings, to bring the time of flowering closer.

Tulips, daffodils, crocuses, viola and many others will delight you with flowering a month earlier if they grow in greenhouses - boxes and even just under the film.

Strawberry

The tunnel will help to bring the fruiting dates of this culture closer, the film of which can be easily lifted for ventilation. Often, when growing strawberries in greenhouses, buried and insulated trenches with a constantly renewed topsoil are used.

From above, such trenches are covered with frames, allowing the sun's rays to warm up the air as much as possible. In May, the frames can be lifted for ventilation, watering - strawberries love moisture.

Tunnel greenhouses they are installed over the beds with strawberries already in April, by mid-July the film can be removed, in mid-July-August the film on such a greenhouse can again be useful.

In the cold summer in risky farming zones strawberries in a greenhouse are almost always under cover, after all, undersized plants do not require a large amount of covering material.

Watermelon

A tall bed of organic-rich sandy soil, poured into a box with wooden walls, is necessary for the successful planting and growing of watermelons in a greenhouse.

Frames with glass or thick film will protect gentle culture from spring frosts... As the melon culture grows, the height of the shelter can be easily changed using arcs, which are installed in the soil at a distance of 1 to 1.5 meters.

Watering the soil in greenhouses 1 time in 3 - 4 days. When the first signs of fruit appear, watering increase.

Remember that if you planted seedlings too densely, trying to save space, then the number of ovaries will be more, but the fruits themselves will be less. The optimal distance is from 40 to 60 centimeters.

Important: watermelons perfectly do not tolerate weeds, therefore, not only watering, loosening and feeding, but also constant weeding is required to obtain a crop.

Interesting: stopping watering 3 - 4 weeks before the day of harvesting and restoring a film cover so that the rain does not soak the garden bed, will help to get not only perfectly ripe, but also sweet, sugary berries.

Seedling

Suitable for seedlings any type of greenhouse. It is very important to ensure that the access to the seedlings is convenient.

It is best to put already dived plants in greenhouses, transplanted into cups.

Open for a long time greenhouses in spring undesirable because there is a risk hypothermia seedlings. With this arrangement of seedlings, the time for watering and fertilizing is much less than when sowing seeds in the ground.

Sow to warm beds for shelter to a permanent place the best thing cucumbers, watermelons, zucchiniwho don't like transplants.

Take your seat seriously for a greenhouse - there should be a lot of sunlight so that the seedlings are not stunted, with excessively long and frail stems.

Greenhouse for the first 2 weeks better not to open it at all. Only if suddenly the soil becomes too dry, which is clearly visible through the film and glass, the frames for irrigation are slightly opened. After 20 - 25 days, you can feed the plants, add soil under the elongated stems, raising its level by 5 centimeters.

When the temperature starts to rise to 18 - 20 degrees during the day, you can start airing, hardening of seedlings: first open for 10 - 20 minutes, gradually increase the time to 3 - 4 hours.

Before planting seedlings, the soil in the greenhouse is watered abundantly so as not to damage the roots when digging.

Conclusion

Greenhouse shelters, easy to manufacture, provide significant assistance to both gardeners and owners of large land plots. With the right choice of a greenhouse model, a place for its placement and covering materials, they significantly reduce the risks of freezing, death of seedlings and young plants, increase the time of fruiting, help to get a very early harvest of both greens and vegetables and berries.

About planting seedlings in a greenhouse using the example of eggplants:


Watch the video: DIY Strawberry Gutter System. Easiest way to grow strawberries (June 2022).


Comments:

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  4. Zolot

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  5. Adeola

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  6. Jessy

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