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Recently, the method of growing pepper seedlings, and other vegetables, in "snails" has become very popular, and many farmers have already said goodbye to seedling boxes, having appreciated this method.
Other common names for this method of growing seedlings are - landing in "rolls", rolling method or Kerimov's method.
Growing seedlings in "snails" can not only experienced gardeners, but also those who are just beginning to comprehend the basics of working with seed material.
The main advantages of growing pepper seedlings in "Snails" can be attributed:
- Obtaining high quality planting material. Seedlings in "snails" are less likely to be exposed to stretching and diseases.
- The ability to control the germination of seeds and rejection of weak plants at the stage of hatching.
- The ability to control moisture in the "snail". With proper care, the seedlings practically do not get sick with the "black leg", and the soil does not grow moldy.
- Saving space for growing seedlings, compactness. One "snail" with a diameter of 20 cm can grow up to 100 healthy plants.
- Ease of subsequent picking. With the gradual unfolding of the "snail", plants can be removed from it without disturbing the root system.
- Easy availability and low cost of the necessary consumables for planting seedlings.
- The ability to reuse consumables.
The only nuisance, which can wait with this method of growing seedlings, its stretching.
This is due to insufficient lighting or waterlogging of the soil, but with a different growing method, these factors can significantly reduce the quality of seedlings.
What is required
In order to start sowing pepper seeds in the "snail", you need to prepare:
- Laminate underlay... The optimum substrate thickness is 2 mm. Material - porous polypropylene. This material is considered environmentally friendly and is even allowed to come into contact with food.
- Toilet paper, better two-layer.
- Soil mixture.
- The prepared soil should be light, not contain foreign inclusions.
- It is better to sift it through a garden sieve before use.
- The earth must be moistened to the point where it will be lumpy when clenched in a fist, but try not to overmoisten it.
- Thin elastic band or string to secure the resulting "snail". Rubber bands are ideal for these purposes.
- Container with water.
- Syringe or spray bottle for the convenience of watering.
- Tweezers for the convenience of laying out pepper seeds.
- Food bag or cling film to create a greenhouse effect.
- Container, in which the "snail" will be placed.
- The diameter of the container should be 1-5 cm larger than the diameter of the resulting "snail".
- Small plastic buckets, plastic containers for mayonnaise or other food products are good for this purpose.
- Sawdust will help to avoid excess moisture and form the necessary microclimate in the container with the "snail".
- If desired you can use a growth stimulant... Perfectly suited for this purpose "Epin", "Epin-Extra", "Energen".
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Preparing the substrate. Using a stationery knife, cut a strip from a roll of counterfeit material 15-17 cm wide... We lay on a surface convenient for work.
We spread toilet paper along the entire length of the strip from the backing.
Important! The upper edge of the substrate in the future "snail" should be 1-1.5 cm higher than the toilet paper layer. This is the required sowing depth of pepper seeds for germination.
After that, we wet the toilet paper with a syringe. If desired, you can add a growth stimulant to the water according to the recommendations on the package.
Retreating 3-4 cm from the beginning of the strip, we begin to spread the seeds with tweezers. The optimal distance between them 2 cm.
After all the seeds are laid, gently fold the "snail", starting from the side from which the seeds began to be spread.
Remember that seeds from different varieties may have different germination times. This can cause difficulties in assessing germination.
Learn more about preparing seeds before sowing.
We put the "snail" in a container with the seeds side up and cover with a bag or cling film to create a greenhouse effect and maintain a constant humidity level. We place the container in a warm place for seed germination.
After a while, and for pepper seedlings usually 3-4 days, we check our "snail". By this time, all the seeds should hatch and form "loops" of plants.
We put the "snail" on its side and carefully unwind it, trying not to harm the plants. We discard unhatched seeds and very weak sprouts. You can put new pepper seeds in their place.
Now our seedlings need more solid nutrition. Pour the prepared soil mixture over the entire width of the unwound tape with a layer of 1-1.5 cm... We compact it a little on the tape and spray them with a spray bottle.
We wrap the "snail" again. Now it turns out to be much wider in diameter.
Important! We fix the resulting roll with an elastic band or rope, trying not to overtighten it, because this can disrupt the nutrition of the future root system of the seedlings.
If necessary, add a little more soil on top and water it abundantly.
Pour sawdust on the bottom of the container... We put the resulting snail back into the container and cover with a film or bag.
Important! Now for the planted seeds, good lighting is not important, but try not to miss the moment, and put the container in a well-lit place immediately after pecking out the "loops" of seedlings from the ground.
Learn more about when additional lighting may be needed.
After the appearance of the cotyledon leaves, the bag or film from the seedlings can be removed. But take your time to do it right away. Train your seedlings to do this gradually. In a "snail" with a soil mixture, seedlings can develop well up to the age of picking.
Seedling care in the "snail" consists of watering. It is necessary to water the plants along the top of the "snail" as long as the plants are still small and the root system is underdeveloped. This is most conveniently done with a syringe. As the plants grow, you can switch to root watering. How and when to start feeding?
Read other articles on pepper seedlings:
- Correct cultivation from seeds and should they be soaked before sowing?
- How to grow black peppercorns, chili, bitter or sweet at home?
- What are growth stimulants and how to use them?
- The main reasons why the leaves of the shoots curl, the seedlings fall or stretch, and also why the shoots die?
- Planting dates in the regions of Russia and the peculiarities of cultivation in the Urals, Siberia and the Moscow region.
- Learn recipes for yeast-based fertilizers.
- Learn the rules for planting bell and hot peppers, as well as how to dive sweet?
In conclusion, we bring to your attention a video for clarity of the knowledge gained: