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Did you know about the existence of growing peppers without land?
This interesting and unusual method, called the Moscow one, is increasingly being used by modern gardeners and is proving its effectiveness.
Its secret lies in the use of paper and cling film. Next, let's talk about how to plant peppers for seedlings on toilet paper?
The essence of the landless method
This method is based on the fact that the function of the soil until the real leaves of pepper bloom is performed by soft paper, laid in a container with a liquid in the form of a litter. Cellulose and paper micro-holes retain the required amount of liquid, ensuring its even distribution between seeds and seedling root systems.
How to plant pepper seedlings on toilet paper?
There are several ways to germinate pepper seeds on toilet paper.
- Make some double-layer toilet paper strips or thick napkins 15-20 cm long. The number of them will depend on the number of seeds that you will germinate. Disposable wipes or the cheapest toilet paper, rich in cellulose and free from fragrances, dyes and other impurities, are most suitable.
- Cut the plastic bag or polyethylene into long rectangles, in width and length equal to strips of paper. The cling film is ideal for the manufacture of construction.
- Lay the first layer of the future mini-greenhouse, consisting of cling film or polyethylene, on a horizontal plane.
- For polyethylene lay 2 layers of toilet paper soaked in water.
- Sowing. Step back from the top edge of the resulting strip by 1-1.5 cm and place the pepper seeds along its entire length, with a distance of 3 cm from each other... The greater the spacing between the seeds, the easier it will be later to untangle the roots of the seedlings.
- Cover the seeds with two layers of damp toilet paper. Cover with cling film or cellophane.
- Trim the edges of the multi-layered strip, roll it across the width, forming a loose "breathable" bundle so that the seeds are located at the top of it. Secure the structure with a rubber band so that it does not disintegrate and swell from moisture.
- Place the bundles in cups or the bottoms of plastic bottles, 1/3 filled with water, put on a well-lit warm windowsill or under a seedling lamp.
- For convenience, paste labels with the names of varieties of future seedlings in containers.
- Change the water periodically and keep an eye on its level: only the lower edges of the strips should be under the water. Excess liquid must be drained.
Important! The formation of a "blind bag" is not allowed: the upper edge of the roll must freely pass air, and the lower one - moisture. Under this condition, humidified warm air circulates inside the bundle, imitating a mini-greenhouse.
If pepper seeds are under water, they can rot or simply die due to lack of oxygen. In the upper part of the roll, water must flow to the seeds through the micropores of the toilet paper.
Planting pepper seedlings on toilet paper. Lay 2-3 layers of paper towels abundantly moistened with water on the bottom of a plate, tray or other shallow container. Sow seeds evenly over the entire area of the plate, keeping a distance of 2-3 cm between them.
Cover the seed paper with a layer of cling film to prevent excessive evaporation of water, place on a light-colored windowsill.
Use a spray bottle to moisten the paper daily until the seeds germinate, and do not let it dry.
In 7-10 days after planting in Moscow, sprouts will hatch from the seeds. This ends the period when the substrates necessary for plant growth are contained in the seed. This means that the peppers will now need the first feeding from the outside.
Important! When preparing a fertilizer, it should be borne in mind that the concentration of nutrient solutions should be 2-4 times lower than those that fertilize plants with the usual method of germination using soil.
For 1 glass of water, 1-3 drops of humic dressings are usually required (growth of a concentrate or potassium humate). Wet paper on plates or spray it from a spray bottle with a pre-prepared solution so as not to exceed the permissible concentration of fertilizer.
After germination young peppers can be aired and hardened at lower temperatures... Some pioneers of the landless method advise removing the top cellophane layer on the 2nd day after sprouting in order to increase the adaptive capacity of future seedlings in an out-of-green environment.
How to grow pepper seedlings at home on toilet paper? With the appearance of a pair of cotyledon leaves in pepper, its second groundbait is carried out with liquid fertilizers.
The third feeding procedure is necessary after the formation of true leaves. You will still need the minimum concentration of humic fertilizers.
Landless cultivation of pepper is advisable to stop when the plant is decorated with a pair of large real leaves. Unfold the roll, free the roots of the peppers from the paper. If this cannot be done, then the paper does not need to be separated from the roots, so as not to damage the plant. It will be enough just to separate the seedlings.
Landless germination ends with a dive of seedlings followed by planting in the ground. Further care for peppers is not specific.
- Saving spaceoccupied by containers with seedlings;
- simplicity plant care;
- saving time, which goes to planting seeds with the standard method of germinating seedlings, waiting for seedlings;
- financial affordability thanks to the use of improvised means;
- the possibility of germinating low-quality seeds, increasing the percentage of their germination;
- lack of competition of seedlings for soil or moisture, due to the uniform distribution of substances necessary for plants inside the micropores of the paper;
- the possibility of nursing weak or stunted peppers that are incapable of competing for nutrients in natural conditions;
- low probability of damage to seedlings by fungal diseases, in particular, the incurable "black leg".
Even the most inexperienced gardeners and gardeners can master the landless way.
This method is proving its effectiveness to an increasing number of experimenters.
It is an excellent alternative to the well-known method of growing seedlings.
Read other articles on pepper seedlings:
- Correct cultivation from seeds and should they be soaked before planting?
- How to grow black peppercorns, chili, bitter or sweet at home?
- What are growth stimulants and how to use them?
- The main reasons why the leaves of the shoots curl, the seedlings fall or stretch.
- Planting dates in the regions of Russia and the peculiarities of cultivation in the Urals, Siberia and the Moscow region.
- Learn recipes for yeast-based fertilizers.
Personal experience of growing seedlings on toilet paper: