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Each housewife tries to keep the kitchen clean.
Sometimes an unexpected guest may appear in the dining area - a food moth.
Its occurrence is provoked by spoiled products, an open window, flour products.
The topic of today's article is food moth: a photo, how to get rid of a pest? Flour moth, cereal and other varieties.
Appearance, longevity and development
There are several types of food moth, the most common is cocoa mothwho loves to wander in "her" places only at night. It looks like a small butterfly no more than 1 cm in size. Her color is inconspicuous, from brown to gray with small dots.
The insect lives for several weeksbut in these days it produces large offspring. Reproduction occurs only when there is free access to water. Kitchen moth does not eat foodbecause it does not have a developed digestive system. The larvae eat the food.
Development goes through three stages, this is the laying of eggs, intensive development, birth.
What does food moth look like, photo below:
Harm to humans
The main harm caused by kitchen moths is spoilage of food... If she "visited" the product, it can no longer be eaten. It is also not recommended to list contaminated groceries for sale.
Insect-infested products are sometimes released to the secondary market. After such a purchase, a person runs the risk of bringing food moth to his home.
A kitchen pest wreaks havoc at all stages of its development. Eggs contaminate food, after which it can no longer be consumed. Larvae leave their waste in foodeating them along the way. Adult females, despite the need for food, produce their offspring on cereal delicacies.
Among other things, they skillfully jump on tables and spread the infection... If a mole appears, then the dishes that are used for food must be rinsed before each meal. This applies not only to plates and forks, but also to all cutlery that is frequently used.
An adult in its short life leaves behind offspring, the number of which can be about 400 pieces... Each disguise changes its skin repeatedly. For this reason, there are hundreds of faeces and residues from larvae on the contaminated food.
If you eat such food, intoxication of the body, allergies, food poisoning is quite possible.
What do the larvae like?
Pest insect larvae eat all types of cereals... Do not disdain pasta, legumes. They can also be found in protected, portioned cereal bags.
It turns out that the offspring easily penetrates into hard-to-reach places.
Also mole can live inside a nutshell, more often they are found under the "shell" of a walnut. Strange, but inconspicuous butterfly eats seasoning and lives in garlic.
It turns out that the kitchen moth is hiding in the most unexpected places, so at the slightest sign of its presence in the kitchen, it is worth checking every nook and cranny.
Grain moth prefers grain and flour products... Fruit moths eat sweets, dried fruits. It turns out a general list that includes such types of products as:
- all kinds of nuts;
- dried fruits;
- grain products;
- bakery products.
How and where to store cereals?
For storage of bulk products it is not recommended to use plastic bags... Store cereals in clean glass or ceramics. Before closing the filled vessel, you need to view the state of the croup, for this you can throw a bay leaf on the bottom of the can.
Two pieces will be enough for a cylinder. It is better to replace the lids with linen rags or two-layer gauze... You can fix them with a rubber flagellum. Any product needs air.
How to store cereals so that moths do not start? Rice should be stored in a ceramic jar with salt in a bag... It will remove all moisture and excess odors. In addition, the bulk product will retain its properties longer.
Flour is sieved before clogging.... You need to store it in a linen bag. In order for the flour to be stored carefully and for a long time, it is recommended to wash the bag for storing it in a salty solution.
Glass and ceramics can be replaced with a plastic bottle.
If light falls on bulk products, they oxidize. A dry, dark shelf with cool air is ideal for storing them.
The jar of cereals should be on the bottom of the shelf., and not at the top, as everyone thinks. Upstairs there is moisture and evaporation that prevent bulk solids from staying in good condition longer. The cold prevents insects from forming, so you can store cereals in the refrigerator, but for this you need to adjust the temperature on the lower shelves.
According to the norms, cereals should be stored at a temperature of about 6 degrees. At 10 and above, pests will make themselves felt. Flour, cereals and pasta will retain their properties if stored in the closet. Some have special food storage rooms at home.
Watch a video on how to properly store cereals so that moths and mold do not start:
Does food moth eat clothes?
When a grain moth appears in the kitchen, do not worry that she managed to eat fur coats and sweaters in the closet.
Food moth does not eat clothes, her menu consists only of cereals, flour and bread products. Fruits and sweets also do not disdain.
There is no need to worry about things, although it is necessary to carry out a check in the closets so that a wardrobe-like butterfly does not start.
Food moth cannot cope with clothing fibers due to the lack of enzymes in her stomach and intestines. She eats everything that a person eats, only cardboard, polyethylene, cloth and paper are added to this food. Actually, these "products" she is in order to penetrate the most delicacies.
- Purchased bake the groats in the oven... Set the temperature to 60 degrees and leave the bulk product in the stove for 15 minutes.
- Use glass or plastic containers to store food with a tight lid. They will allow you to visually monitor the occurrence of a food pest.
- Order, cleanliness, regular airing, wet cleaning inside the lockers, the use of essential oils - all this will scare away food moths.
- More often audit bulk products, seasonings, dried herbs and dry fruits. These steps will allow you to timely detect a malicious pest.
No matter how clean it may be in the kitchen, the hostess should be more attentive to bulk foodstuffs, because at the most inopportune moment a mole can start in the cereal and make it unusable.
How to deal with food moths, medical advice: