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Composition and calorie content of cauliflower. The benefits and harms of a vegetable for the body

Composition and calorie content of cauliflower. The benefits and harms of a vegetable for the body


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An incredibly delicate, sophisticated bouquet. These words can poetically describe cauliflower. The vegetable was bred by a doctor in Syria more than one century ago. Then he began to travel the world.

For the first time, cauliflower appeared in Russia in the 18th century, but for a long time it could not take root. The exotic culture was so expensive that only the wealthy nobility could afford it. But thanks to the efforts of breeders, this healthy vegetable ended up on our tables and gardens.

This article tells about the benefits of cauliflower, in which cases it is contraindicated and how to use it correctly.

Chemical composition

Cauliflower contains many useful substances in its composition., it is superior to other types of cabbage. More benefits can be obtained from raw cabbage (boiled cabbage will also not harm, but there will be less vitamins in it).

Reference! Cauliflower should not be cooked for a long time.

Here are the vitamins a vegetable contains:

  • vitamin C;
  • vitamin B1 (thiamine);
  • riboflavin;
  • pyridoxine;
  • vitamin K;
  • vitamin U;
  • cellulose;
  • folic acid;
  • pantothenic acid;
  • omaga-3 fatty acids;
  • biotin;
  • choline.

In addition to vitamins, cabbage fibers contain a number of macro- and microelements: calcium, potassium, magnesium, iodine, manganese, selenium, copper, chlorine, zinc, iron, phosphorus, sodium.

And cauliflower is a storehouse of iron, which is twice as much as in other green vegetables.

Also, the food product contains:

  • mineral salts;
  • pectin;
  • enzymes;
  • tartronic, citric, malic acids.

Calorie content

For people on a diet and monitoring the energy value of the diet, the KBZHU indicator is important, that is, how many kcal (calories), proteins, fats and carbohydrates are in 100 grams of cauliflower.

The product, despite its high nutritional value, is low in calories... The calorie content of 100 grams of raw vegetable is only 30 calories.

Thanks to this, people who are overweight can easily use it. Nutritional value per 100 g: proteins - 2.5 g, fats - 0.3 g, carbohydrates - 5.4 g.

Indications and contraindications

Despite its wide popularity, the benefits and harms of cauliflower, in particular, its beneficial medicinal properties, have not yet been fully investigated. But, based on the facts that are fully proven, we can safely say about the pros and cons of this product, as well as talk about the presence of some contraindications. You can read more about them here.

To whom and how is this product useful?

  1. The high content of vitamin C strengthens the immune system, inhibits the aging process, and has a positive effect on the central nervous system.
  2. Fiber affects the digestion process, helps cleanse the body of toxins and toxins.
  3. Mineral salts improve metabolism, promote the removal of excess fluid from the body, and have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system.
  4. Equally important for the heart is the presence of potassium, which normalizes heart rate and blood pressure.
  5. Cauliflower lowers unwanted blood cholesterol levels. Normalizes the quantitative component of lipids. Therefore, the vegetable is eaten as a prophylaxis for atherosclerosis.
  6. The benefits of cabbage are to maintain adequate glucose levels in the body, which is especially important in diabetes mellitus.
  7. Another component, molybdenum, is useful for tooth enamel.
  8. Iron is the main constituent of red blood cells that deliver oxygen to cells. With its lack, problems with the thyroid gland arise.
  9. With the constant use of cauliflower in the diet, the development of dangerous cancers can be avoided. As a result of the experimental studies, the substance glucosinolate was found in the composition of the vegetable, which, when combined with other substances in the body, is transformed into isothiocyanates. Such a qualitative transformation contributes to a significant reduction in cancer cells and a slowdown in the growth of malignant tumors.
  10. The anti-inflammatory effect is manifested due to the presence of vitamin K and fatty amega-3 acids in the composition. These substances muffle inflammation.
  11. The vegetable is also good for the quality of the brain. Improves memory, enhances cognitive functions.
  12. Revealed a positive effect on the organs of vision, prevents the development of cataracts.

Who can it harm?

Cauliflower has a wide range of health benefits, along with there are a number of negative points due to which not everyone is recommended to include a vegetable in the diet, contraindications apply to people suffering from:

  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in the active phase of exacerbation;
  • increased acidity of the stomach;
  • intestinal colic;
  • problems with the genitourinary system;
  • peptic ulcer diseases in acute form;
  • hypertension;
  • with an individual allergic reaction;
  • kidney disease.

Benefits for the human body

With its rich composition of various natural elements, cauliflower has a healing effect on the human body as a whole... Rare substances found in this particular vegetable make it more valuable.

Attention! Nutritionists recommend the use of cauliflower for men, women and children. In each case, the benefits will be individual.

For women

The weaker sex simply needs this vegetable. After all components of cabbage will help to prolong beauty and youth for many years... Cauliflower is used not only as a food product, but also for cosmetic purposes, making masks and lotions. The main purposes of the use of vegetable crops by women:

  1. tartronic acid helps to reduce fat in the thighs and abdomen;
  2. allowed to use during pregnancy and lactation;
  3. provides prevention of breast cancer;
  4. is a laxative, especially valuable after childbirth, using cauliflower instead of chemical medicines;
  5. enhances the regeneration of the skin;
  6. promotes the production of collagen, which is necessary to maintain skin elasticity;
  7. masks containing cabbage stimulate growth and strengthen hair.

The best cauliflower recipes can be found here.

For men

Is this product good for men? According to statistics, men are often worried about diseases associated with the heart. For this reason, eating cauliflower is useful, which will certainly reduce the risk of disease. AND if you eat about 100 g of the product daily, the risk of prostate cancer is reduced by 3 times.

According to the conclusions of trichologists, the presence of a healthy vegetable in the diet helps to get rid of baldness and baldness at an early stage, and also increases the regenerative ability of cells to grow hair.

Men who have cauliflower in their menu are more hardy, energetic... They retain their masculine strength for many years.

For children's health

Vegetable culture is introduced into the baby's diet in the first year of life., as an independent dish or as a component of a multicomponent puree. How is it useful for children? First of all, it is an important product for the normalization of intestinal motility.

And the content of a large amount of vegetable protein strengthens bone tissue and blood vessels.

Important! Pediatricians advise using cauliflower to stimulate, improve appetite and to prevent the formation of gas, constipation in a child.

Read about the best recipes for making cauliflower for a child in our article.

Consumption rates

How much do you need to eat for the vegetable to be beneficial and not harm the body? The norm per day is 250-300 g per healthy person... For people suffering from gastrointestinal diseases, no more than 10 g per day, and if not a period of exacerbation of chronic diseases.

Nursing mothers are allowed to use it no earlier than 1 month after childbirth. The daily norm is 150-200 g. During pregnancy, eat based on the woman's condition and individual reaction to this product. Read more about the nuances of eating cauliflower during pregnancy and breastfeeding here.

Allergy

The cause of the reaction is the presence of a protein that acts as an allergen... Or the substance of chitinases, which activates the process of obtaining chitin, a protein enzyme.

If a person has a tendency to allergic reactions, then these substances can provoke them.

Cauliflower allergy symptoms:

  • redness of the skin;
  • swelling;
  • itching;
  • sharp tingling in the lips, tongue;
  • sudden cough;
  • runny nose.

In rare cases, anaphylaxis.

Treatment involves:

  1. complete elimination of cauliflower from the diet;
  2. visiting an allergist;
  3. diet for 5-7 days;
  4. the use of antihistamines;
  5. using topical antipruritic ointments or creams;
  6. the use of sorbents for bowel cleansing.

Basically, cauliflower is a low-allergenic product. Allergic reactions to it are extremely rare, extremely individual. This vegetable is a valuable food product, which is not only tasty, but also healthy, and the ratio of BJU in it is favorable for losing weight and maintaining weight. Eat different varieties of cabbage to diversify your menu.

You can learn more about the benefits of cauliflower in this video:


Watch the video: Health Benefits Of Cauliflower. What Cauliflower Does To Your Body (May 2022).