Florist tips: how and when to transplant a gerbera after purchase?

Florist tips: how and when to transplant a gerbera after purchase?

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Gerbera is a blooming, bright flower with an appearance that resembles a chamomile. Belongs to the Aster family, has about several dozen species in its population.

A plant can have many colors, the only exception is blue. The main regions of origin of the gerbera are South Africa, and it can also be found in tropical Asia.

In our article you will find information on when and how to transplant a gerbera at home. We will also tell you how to properly care for this beautiful plant after transplantation.

When is a transplant required after purchase?

Like most plants, to maintain the life and beauty of the gerbera, it needs to be transplanted periodically... First of all, you should think about transplanting a flower immediately after purchase, since the soil used for the implementation of inflorescences is not suitable for long-term cultivation, the soil in its proportions does not correspond to the qualities necessary for growth and flowering.

Gerbera takes root well not only in pots, but also in a flower bed in the courtyard of the house. Further, the transplant is carried out as it grows.

When is the best time to transfer to another pot?

A more suitable season for picking a flower is spring or late summer. But do not rush to transplant a gerbera during the flowering period, as you can disrupt the biological rhythms of the plant. Also, do not rush to transplant on the day of purchase, the fruit must adapt to the room in which it will grow.

You can read about the important rules for caring for gerberas in pots here.

How to properly plant at home?

For transplanting at home, special attention should be devoted to choosing a pot. A vessel for transplanting a flower should be chosen a little more than the previous one; if transplanted into a pot that is too large, the gerbera will not bloom for a long time.

The capacity should be selected taking into account air permeability, therefore, the best choice should fall on a clay pot, since clay is an environmentally friendly and natural material, which, by its structure, allows the roots to receive oxygen.

Better oxygen exchange should be ensured at a depth of about forty centimeters from the soil layer, since gerbera has dense and deep roots.

An important component for plant life is soil.... Different varieties of gerberas do not tolerate standard soil compositions well. It so happened that the gerbera is used to living in acidic soil. Acidity is induced with the help of peat and charcoal, or you can water it with a special mineral liquid, while not allowing excess acidity.

With professional breeding, planting is monitored and a nutrition system is established and the composition of the soil is adjusted, taking into account the characteristics of each species of the Astera family. For amateurs, a simple recipe for soil preparation is suitable, which will accept any variety of gerberas without any problems. At home, plant transplantation is not particularly difficult. The soil can be prepared based on the following proportions:

  • 1 part peat;
  • 1 part sphagnum (can be replaced with sand);
  • 2 pieces of ordinary leafy earth.

You can prepare the soil yourself, or buy ready-made, in which all proportions are already observed... Having prepared the container and soil, ventilation should be provided, for this, holes need to be made in the bottom of the pot, or a foam or bark gasket should be made, wine corks are excellent. Then part of the soil is poured, the cutting is planted, and the rest of the earth is poured. To compact the rock, water should be gradually added.

Detailed instructions

Gerbera is not a long-lasting plant; after a long flowering, it fades away and must be replaced with new flowers. The sprouts are planted in low racks, pots, directly on the ground in the greenhouse, or containers.

Let's say the method of planting in small cone-shaped mounds (read here how to plant a gerbera and how to care for it later). After seeding, drip irrigation should be used for humidification.

It is advisable to install wire rings that support the plant, which gives the best conditions for watering and maintenance. Gerbera can be propagated in several ways, such as:

  1. dividing the bush;
  2. sowing with seeds;
  3. by cuttings.

Budding by dividing the bush can be done from a gerbera at least three years old... The method of dividing the bush is most suitable for breeding especially important varieties of aster. When dividing gerberas, you need to choose inflorescences that have at least two rounds of growth.

You can separate the sprouts by hand, or with a sharp knife. It is recommended to sprinkle the place of the cut with charcoal from wood. After a time, when the shoots will sprout new roots, they can be transplanted into separate containers, after having washed them out and treated with thermally boiling water, in order to avoid infection from previous plants.

If your choice fell on seed reproduction, adhere to the basic rules:

  • Sowing in loose soil.
  • Sowing seeds should be done in early spring.
  • For germination of sprouts from seeds, a temperature of about 21 degrees Celsius should be observed.
  • It is necessary to maintain soil moisture.

The first inflorescences will begin to sprout in about a week.... Transplanting the shoots themselves into the soil should be carried out in two weeks, when the first leaves appear. Young bushes should be planted so that the height from the ground to the first leaves is about 10 cm.

Follow-up care

As for leaving after transplanting a plant, it must be borne in mind that the gerbera came to us from the hot and humid climate of southern Africa. The soil of a gerbera must always be moist, dryness disrupts the development of roots, which in turn can lead to growth arrest, disease, and ultimately to the death of the fetus.

To control soil moisture, a special moisture meter is usually used, the rod of which is inserted deep into the rhizome, and the sensor shows the moisture value.

The fruit needs timely feeding with mineral fertilizers... The place for the pot should be chosen on the sunny side, so that the gerbera is basking in the sunlight, artificial light is not suitable for it. During the flowering period, the plant needs room temperature, and during dormancy, the fruit prefers coolness (about why indoor gerberas do not bloom, and also what care conditions are needed for this, read here).

Gerbera, in comparison with other plants, is not whimsical, but still requires some care (how to grow a gerbera in Russia?). It is this plant that will decorate your interior, and give you a good mood every day, and can also be an excellent gift for family and friends.

Watch the video: Gerbera Daisy Plant Haul. Prices and post purchase care tips. (August 2022).