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Yeast is one of the very popular fertilizers among gardeners that can improve the structure of the soil, saturate it with protein and microelements. With its help, you can accelerate the growth of plants and increase the yield of a large number of fruit and berry crops.
In our article, we will talk about the pros and cons of this method of feeding tomatoes. You will find out at what time and how to carry out the procedure correctly.
A recipe for how to prepare such fertilizer at home will also be provided. You can also watch a useful video on this topic.
Advantages and disadvantages
Yeast dressings for tomatoes are very effective, as they saturate the plants with the phosphorus they need.... When they are used, the fungi contained in yeast begin to actively process the organic matter contained in the soil, improving the absorption of trace elements and minerals by plants.
In addition to phosphorus, yeast contains potassium, magnesium, folic acid, proteins and carbohydrates. All these substances are extremely useful for the growth and fruiting of tomatoes. At the same time, the plant stems do not stretch up, but become dense, strong and healthy.
Fertilizers of this kind are, among other things, very inexpensive and readily available - in any supermarket you can buy a package of dry or a briquette of classic yeast and prepare plant nutrition for the plants. It will be inexpensive, organically pure, and no less effective than off-the-shelf products.
The main disadvantage of yeast feeding for tomatoes is that it dramatically impoverishes the soil during the season. - microorganisms actively process the humus contained in the ground, the plants give a sharp growth when introduced. But if the beds are fed only with this type of fertilizer, without adding straw, grass, leaves to the soil, the next year the harvest will be poor.
Important: Yeast is able to wash out potassium and calcium so necessary for tomatoes from the fertile layer, therefore, when making infusions, it is necessary to additionally enrich the soil by fertilizing with ash or ready-made mineral mixtures.
When and how to feed seedlings and adult tomatoes?
Fertilization of tomatoes with yeast solutions prepared at home can be carried out at all stages of plant growth - from watering seedlings, after picking and to feeding during active ripening of fruits. It is especially effective to apply top dressing to warm, well-heated soil in a greenhouse a few days before planting young plants in it. The earth will have time to be saturated with phosphorus, the fungi will begin to actively process and improve the structure of the soil in which it is planned to plant seedlings.
Recipe on how to make fertilizer at home
Fertilizer can be prepared from both dry and classic yeast. In the absence of them, top dressing is prepared from rye crusts, previously soaked in water, or from previously germinated wheat.
It is quite simple to prepare a tomato feed from pressed yeast.:
- 50 grams of the substance is diluted in a liter of warm water.
- Add 2-3 teaspoons of sugar.
- Cover with a cloth and infuse for several hours, then stir.
- The finished infusion is poured into a standard 10-liter bucket with warm water, mix well, add a half-liter jar of sifted ash and insist again.
- Before use, the resulting solution is diluted with clean water in the ratio of a liter of product to 5 liters of water.
It is even easier to prepare top dressing from dry yeast, since it dissolves more easily in water and starts a reaction faster.
- A 10-liter bucket of warm water will require a bag of dry matter, 3-5 tablespoons of granulated sugar and a glass of sifted ash.
- The resulting solution is infused for several hours, after which it is filtered and diluted in the ratio of a liter of infusion to 10 liters of water.
- The resulting fertilizer can be watered both seedlings and adult transplanted bushes - carefully distributing it with a watering can around the plant.
To enhance the effect, organic fertilizers can be added to the resulting infusion. - mullein, humus, extract from chicken droppings. There is no need to get carried away with this type of fertilizer - just one watering of seedlings at the stage of forming young bushes, one when transplanting plants into a greenhouse and open ground, and one more - when tying buds.
Advice: Fertilizer from yeast must be prepared and applied immediately, it cannot be stored. The soil must be well warmed up, warm, otherwise top dressing will become useless.
Foliar fertilization of tomatoes
Yeast fertilizers are mainly fed to plants in the standard way - by applying to the soil... The effectiveness of foliar feeding is not very high, but a couple of times a season with ready-made fertilizer you can spray the bushes of already well-accepted tomatoes - this will saturate them with necessary microelements and protect them from potential pests. When a slightly larger amount of sieved ash is added to the solution, the effectiveness of foliar feeding will increase. More foliar feeding options can be found here.
In the greenhouse
The use of tomato yeast dressings in the greenhouse is very effective. The soil there, as a rule, warms up well, and the fungi act more efficiently. To maximize the yeast fertilization, it is recommended to apply compost, mulched straw or grass to the greenhouse in the spring.
The more organic matter in the greenhouse soil, which fungi from yeast will process, the healthier and stronger the tomatoes will be. Since the ground in the greenhouse is warmer than in the open field, you can prepare the infusion without preliminary long-term holding - insist for an hour and a half and use.
When watering a tomato with yeast solutions, you should not bring them directly under the stem - use a watering can to water the largest area around the bushes so that the soil is properly saturated with the composition. So the efficiency will be much higher.
What if you overdid the dosage?
Organic fertilizers can rarely harm plants, even if too much has been applied with them. The only thing that can be - with abundant watering with an infusion of yeast, a lack of potassium and calcium may appear in the soil, especially in the second year after fertilization. To replenish the deficiency of these microelements, it is worth adding an infusion or a simple solution of ash to the soil - it neutralizes the action of the fungus and saturates the soil with the necessary minerals.
We recommend watching a video about tomato yeast feeding:
The top dressing described above cannot be the only fertilizer for tomatoes - it works especially well in combination with ash and complex mineral fertilizers. It works as well as possible if compost, mulched straw or grass, humus, last year's foliage have been introduced into the soil of the greenhouse or open ground. If these conditions are met, the tomato harvest will be plentiful and the plants themselves will delight you with health and strength.