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Blooming balsam is a delightful sight. A healthy, strong plant, as a rule, is dotted with delicious delicate buds for almost a year.
But not all growers manage to make "Vanka wet" or "Ogonyok" (as it is also called) bloom. What is needed for this?
This is what this article is about. In addition, you will find out what the features of care in an apartment are; why only leaves grow, but no flowers; what diseases and pests can destroy a flower. And, of course, we will tell you what you need to do to form buds on your pet.
Features and flowering period
The variety of colors and shapes is amazing. Flowers are simple and double, single and collected in inflorescences. And what a wide range of colors: white, pink, scarlet, coral, red, yellow or even two-tone! Interesting that at the same time, the plant contains buds, open and withering flowers.
Florists are especially pleased with the length of the flowering period. With proper care, balsam will decorate your apartment almost all year round. Outdoors, it blooms from July until frost.
What to do to form buds?
- The plant does not like direct sunlight. The balsam foliage is tender, the stems are juicy, so the bright sun can lead to wilting and sunburn. You shouldn't hide balsam in the shade either. Ideal conditions: a few hours in the morning sun, and shade from the daytime.
- In summer, it is good to keep the flower outdoors, protecting it from the scorching sun and precipitation. Strong wind or rain can knock down fragile leaves.
- The optimum temperature for growing in summer is 20-25 degrees, in winter it is not lower than 15-17 degrees. Balsam is afraid of the cold.
- Balsam is a moisture-loving plant. This must be taken into account when watering. In addition, it is necessary to ensure sufficient air humidity.
Secrets of caring for a handsome indoor man
- Proper watering is required. In spring and summer, it is abundant and frequent. In hot weather, daily watering is acceptable. To understand that there is not enough moisture is very simple - the foliage immediately becomes wilted. In winter, the volume of water should be reduced, but watered systematically.
Note! Avoid stagnant water in the pan and pot.
- Spray the balsam crown regularly. At low humidity, the plant can shed its leaves (read about why balsam leaves fall off and get sick, and about why the foliage turns yellow and how to reanimate the plant, you will find out here). You can spray the plant only at a temperature of at least 20 degrees.
- During the flowering period, the plant needs feeding - once every two weeks.
- Balsam blooms better if planted in a cramped pot.
- The life span of balsam is short - up to 2-3 years. Then it is better to update the plant. Cut off the young branches and root them, and the old bush will have to be removed.
- Make sure that pests do not start on the flower, otherwise the plant will begin to wither and will not give the long-awaited flowers (we talked about what diseases and pests can destroy a flower, as well as about the causes of their occurrence and measures to combat them, we talked about here). Most often, balsam affects spider mites, aphids and whiteflies. To combat them, you need to spray the plant with soapy water, then rinse it off with warm water. You can apply an infusion of mustard powder or tobacco dust. In case of severe damage, chemicals cannot be dispensed with - the Actellik or Fitoverma solution will do.
Why only leaves grow?
Balsam is an unpretentious plant. But if he stubbornly refuses to bloom, check how suitable the conditions in which he lives are for him.
Why doesn't a houseplant produce buds? There may be several reasons:
- Lack of light. The plant will not bloom in the shade. It's a southern plant after all, and needs enough light. If it is not possible to give the balsam enough natural light, add artificial lighting fixtures! It is better to keep balsam on the east or west windows.
- Balsam does not react well to frequent rearrangements. Find a permanent "place of residence" for him.
- Balsam does not bloom at low temperatures. +15 degrees is a critical mark, the temperature below is bad for the health of your "green pet".
Sharp temperature changes and drafts are dangerous for balsam - the plant can shed unopened buds!
- Insufficient watering. The soil in the pot must be kept moist at all times. But observe the measure - the water must be absorbed completely. A puddle in a pot is dangerous!
- Dry air. Spray the plant daily. If possible, take out into the open air in a warm season. At home, dry air can be the main reason why the buds of balsam fall off.
- Wrong pot. Most types of balsam are quite tall and large plants. Many growers are trying to find a large flowerpot for them. It is not right! If you want flowers as well as a strong crown, keep your balsam in a small, cramped pot.
- Lack of nutrients. During the year (except for winter), fertilize the plant with fertilizers. They must contain potassium and phosphorus. Choose formulations with a minimum nitrogen content. Watering with fertilizers is carried out once every two weeks, more often "feeding" is not worth it. After transplanting the plant, feeding can be done after three weeks, that is, when the plant is restored and rooted.
- Pests. Often, parasites on balsam are the main reason why the buds of a wet vanka do not bloom.
- Aphids and whiteflies are very dangerous. Small numerous insects of white, green or black color. They settle on the back of the leaves, in the axils at the stem and suck life-giving juices. At the same time, the leaves curl and become wrinkled.
- Spider mites are small red and black insects. After the appearance of a tick, a whitish coating and cobweb appear on the balsam. At the first sign, wash the green part of the plant with soapy water, then clean water and treat with insecticides! For example, Introvir, Fitoverm, Aktellik.
- Decay of roots. This trouble can occur due to abundant watering with cold water when kept in a cool room. In this case, it is required to transplant the plant into fresh soil. Pre-cut the affected parts of the plant, treat the cuts with crushed coal. Adjust temperature and watering frequency.
Subject to these simple conditions, the balsam will delight you with its bright, like tropical butterflies, flowers from spring to the end of autumn, and you can rightfully be proud of such a decoration for your home or garden!