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Ever-flowering begonia will fall in love with everyone who plant it at least once, for its beauty, compactness, ease of care and, of course, continuous flowering, delighting with a riot of colors.
Unpretentious in care and reproduction, ever-flowering begonia is resistant to some unfavorable factors. Such a flower on the windowsill will delight even on the gloomiest day.
This article describes in detail the basic rules for caring for ever-flowering begonia at home and planting it, a description and a photo of the plant are given.
What does the plant prefer?
- Temperature and lighting.
The air temperature in both summer and winter should be 20-25 degrees Celsius. In the warm season, overheating of the leaves and stems should not be allowed, and in the cold it is necessary to protect the root system from hypothermia. In order for flowering to be year-round, the plant needs at least 16 hours of daylight. However, in the midst of a hot day, you need to shade the begonia to avoid unpleasant consequences.
The need for ever-flowering begonias in high humidity is explained by its tropical origin. However, it is also impossible to overdo it with abundant spraying, it can harm the plant - this can be understood by the brown spots with which it will be covered in this case. The optimal solution is to create an artificial moisture source.
If the house does not have an electric humidifier that can be placed near the plant, then a structure can be built that satisfies the flower's need for moisture. A smaller pot must be placed on an empty pallet. Pour pebbles or expanded clay onto the open areas of the pallet. You need to put a pot of begonia on the flowerpot.
By regularly moisturizing the drainage layer, the water from which will evaporate near the plant, you can satisfy the need for high humidity. If this is not ensured, then the decorative properties of the flower will decrease - the tips of the leaves will dry out and curl.
- A place.
Begonia refers to those flowers for which the frequent change of the place of the flowerpot is stressful and can be harmful. Therefore, you need to take a responsible approach to choosing a place and take into account the fact that begonia loves a lot of free space, and she needs space.
Here you can see a photo of an ever-flowering begonia:
Planting and transplanting
It is preferable to land when the daylight hours are long enough - from March.
- It is important to select the correct container before planting. It is worth considering that the roots of the plant develop on the surface, so it is better to take a shallow but wide container. There must be a drainage hole in it.
- Place a drainage layer of expanded clay or pebbles at the bottom of the container.
- Pour in soil, lay the roots, sprinkle with the remaining soil to the desired level.
- Several plants can be planted in one container, the only condition is a distance of 10x10 cm from each other.
- Water regularly so that the entire soil is moistened.
Transplanting is an indispensable part of plant care, because the root system of the begonia is actively developing. Understand when a transplant is required, when the roots of the flower will be visible from the drainage hole... When choosing a new container, you need to remember about the roots, which grow mainly in breadth.
It is recommended to replant the plant only in early spring, while there is still no active growth.
- Carefully remove the plant from the old container.
- To clear the root system from the remnants of the earth.
- Prepare a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and lower the roots of the plant there for 30 minutes.
- Cut off rotten roots, rinse the rest with settled water.
- Plant dried roots according to the planting scheme described above.
- The first few days after transplanting, frequent watering is necessary.
Mature plants that begin to lose their decorative effect, exposing the lower parts of the stems, there is no point in replanting, the transplant will not return all the decorative effect of the flower.
Growing at home
- Watering and feeding.
Watering the plant is done as needed. If the soil is 1.5 cm dry, then the flower needs watering. Water for this must be at room temperature and separated. It is much more important for good growth of ever-flowering begonias to constantly maintain high humidity. The main purpose of watering is to prevent the soil and plant roots from drying out, but also to avoid stagnation of moisture in the soil.
Fertilizing is an important part of caring for ever flowering begonia. During the period of ovary formation, you need to feed the plant with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, and then apply liquid fertilizers special for begonias for flowering crops.
Although this species usually does not grow taller than 40 cm, pruning from time to time is necessary to give the flower a neat, rounded appearance. If the plant begins to grow ugly and unevenly, then the upper stems can be left long, and those closer to the base can be cut shorter. This gives the begonias a rounded shape.
- Winter care.
For continuous flowering in winter, the same lighting and temperature conditions must be observed as in the rest of the time. If this fails, then you need to give the plant a dormant period: move the container with begonia to a cool place, but at least 12 degrees Celsius is the lower threshold, the plant will not stand the colder temperature; reduce the amount of watering; reduce the amount of fertilizer.
Read about how to care for a separate variety of ever-flowering begonia - terry, as well as the rules for growing it at home and on the street, read this article.
Care after purchase
You should pay attention to the fact that the purchased plant must first adapt to the new conditions and only then it will be possible to transplant. Also, if the purchased plant blooms, then it cannot be transplanted, you must wait until it fades.
When transplanting, you need to be very careful with the roots, the slightest damage to which can lead to decay. You also need to carefully choose the right soil, you can either buy it or cook it yourself. It should contain:
- 1 2 sheet land;
- 1/2 peat or humus.
Since the soil mixture is quite dense, a small amount of sand should be placed on the bottom of the container. After transplanting, the plant needs proper and high-quality care.
Potential pests and diseases
- If the plant grows dull, loses leaves, its growth slows down or stops altogether, it means that aphids and / or spider mites have started on it, which feed on begonia juice.
To get rid of aphids, you can treat the plant with Aktellik three times at intervals of about 10 days. For the destruction of spider mites, Derris or almost any other insectoacaricide is suitable.
- In the event of the appearance of a nematode, it is almost impossible to save the begonia, therefore, the plant has to be thrown away.
- Ever-flowering begonia at home can be sick with powdery mildew, black and gray rot. You can fight these phenomena with the fungicide Quadris or Bordeaux liquid.
- The appearance of yellow spots on foliage signals the presence of diseases such as tomato spot and cucumber mosaic. Treatment in such cases is impossible.
A painful appearance of a flower is not always due to the influence of bacteria or pests.... Improper care can lead to this. If the begonia begins to dry out suddenly, but no other signs of the disease are observed, then, most likely, it suffers from a lack of moisture, you need to increase watering.
However, it is important not to overdo it with watering - if watering is too frequent and heavy, the begonia will start to rot.
Why doesn't it bloom?
Experienced growers note that begonia begins to bloom when at least 5 rings are formed on the main stem. If the purchased plant is small, but blooms, then, most likely, a special drug was used that stimulates growth, that is, the flowering was caused artificially and it will be repeated only when the plant reaches the required age for this.
If the flower constantly stands in the shade, then this is another reason for the lack of flowers in begonias. It is necessary to increase daylight hours, but avoid direct sunlight.
The dry air around the ever-flowering begonia must be humidified. You can hang a wet towel on the radiator (pipes) or put a jar of water next to the flower.
- Temperature regime.
The optimum temperature in summer is 20-25 degrees, in winter 15. Sharp temperature fluctuations, drafts introduce the plant into a stressful state, in which flowering is impossible. The room for the plant must be chosen with a constant microclimate.
- Lack or excess of fertilizer.
If there are not enough vitamins, then you need to transplant it into new soil.
When applying fertilizers, you need to observe the measure, otherwise you can burn the roots or redirect the forces of the plant to growing lush foliage.
Pests take away all the plant's strength necessary for flowering. From time to time you need to inspect the plants for their presence and, if necessary, treat them with special means.
Taking care of a flower that pleases the eye with its flowering all year round turned out to be an easy task. All you need to do is pay a little attention and follow the rules.
For all connoisseurs of beautiful flora, we have prepared useful materials about such a blooming begonia variety as Elatior. From our articles, you will learn how to propagate this plant, as well as what kind of care it needs.
We offer you to watch a video about breeding and caring for ever-flowering begonia: