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Spectacular flowers for a summer residence: planting hibiscus in open ground and the secrets of caring for a plant

Spectacular flowers for a summer residence: planting hibiscus in open ground and the secrets of caring for a plant


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Hibiscus belongs to an extensive genus of herbaceous plants of the Malvaceae family, which are native to tropical and subtropical latitudes.

In our latitudes, this plant is grown as indoor or greenhouse. But there are certain species that, in temperate climates, can grow in open ground.

About suitable varieties, planting hibiscus in open ground and the nuances of caring for it will be discussed in this article. And also in the article we will learn how to properly propagate this plant.

Which varieties are suitable for growing in the garden?

The varieties that calmly tolerate temperature changes, frosts, long rains include garden hibiscus (Syrian) and hybrid hibiscus, which can be planted in the country or used to decorate the landscape of a country house site.

Hibíscus syríacus (Syrian shrub)

  • Diana;
  • Vayelith Ilar Double;
  • Pink Giant;
  • Carneus Plenus;
  • Joan of Arc.

Hibiscus hybridus (Hybrid herbaceous)

  • Youth;
  • Late;
  • Pale pink;
  • Porcelain pink.

Flower in the photo

Blooming hibiscus looks very gentle and solid at the same time:





Can I be planted outdoors in spring?

Planting in open ground is done in spring, after the earth warms up deep enough and warm weather sets in. Many people living in northern latitudes are afraid to start a Syrian hibiscus, because it can freeze out. This problem can be solved if in the first year of life the plant hibernates indoors, and then returns to the place allotted to it in the garden.

How to choose a suitable place in the country?

  • Lighting. Hibiscus loves light, so a well-lit area, but without direct sunlight, which can cause leaf burns, would be the best place for it on a backyard.
  • Temperature. Garden hibiscus grows outdoors, so it can tolerate any temperature in the warm season. But it is important that the hibiscus is planted in a place that is protected from wind and drafts. But in order for the hibiscus to survive the winter with its frosts, it needs to be taken care of.

    If winter is expected, the maximum temperature of which will be -15C, then a frame should be built around the plant, on which spunbond or agrotex should be pulled. If the winter is expected to be harsh, then it is better not to risk it and, having dug up the hibiscus, give it the opportunity to overwinter in the basement or in another cool room.

  • Priming. The main requirement for the soil is that it must be nutritious, lightweight, and permeable. Any peat-based substrate will meet these characteristics. For planting hibiscus, you can use a mixture of garden soil, peat, sand in a ratio of 2: 4: 1. Another mixture is also possible: turf, leafy soil, humus, coarse sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. Alternatively: 5% perlite, 45% hardwood bark, 50% peat.
  • Soil preparation. The planting hole should be 2 times the volume of the plant's root system. The bottom layer is drainage (broken brick), its height should be at least 15 cm. The next layer 10 cm high is sand. Next - 15 cm of compost. Top layer - 15 cm - sand. After placing the root system of the plant in the planting pit, the entire space is filled with soil.

Reference! The best neighbors for hibiscus on a backyard are rose and lavender. With a rose, they have the same requirements for the composition of the soil, and lavender will not only favorably set off hibiscus, but will also be an excellent protection for it against aphids, which cannot tolerate the lavender smell.

Reproduction methods

There are a number of ways to propagate hibiscus in the garden., you just need to choose an available option and read a detailed guide on how to plant a plant.

Cuttings

Step-by-step landing instructions:

  1. Prepare everything you need:
    • a container made of dark plastic or glass;
    • stalk;
    • activated carbon tablet;
    • a little growth stimulant;
    • greenhouse.
  2. Fill the container with settled water at room temperature (2/3).
  3. Add an activated carbon tablet to the water and dissolve the root formation stimulant in it.
  4. Dip the stalk into the water.
  5. From above, the container with the shoot must be covered with a greenhouse.
  6. Place the vessel in a warm (+ 20C - + 25C) and bright place (but without direct sunlight).
  7. Sometimes the greenhouse needs to be opened slightly, to shake off drops of condensate from its walls.
  8. After the roots grow up to 2 - 3 cm, they can be planted in the ground.

Layers

Step-by-step landing instructions:

  1. Prepare everything you need:
    • sharp garden knife;
    • a piece of plastic;
    • Kornevin;
    • sphagnum moss;
    • polyethylene film.
  2. Choose a healthy, semi-lignified branch without visible damage.
  3. Make an incision in the bark with a garden knife, after removing all the leaves from this place.
  4. To prevent the incision from overgrowing and staying slightly open, you need to slip a small piece of plastic into it.
  5. Place the incision with a rooting stimulator and wrap it with moistened moss.
  6. Moss needs to be wrapped with foil and strong thread.
  7. If the moss is dry, then it must be watered using a medical syringe.
  8. When young roots are visible through the film (after 2 - 3 months), the plant can be separated.

Vaccination

Reference! The rootstock is the plant that is being grafted. A graft is a plant, a part of which is grafted into another to give it new properties.

Step-by-step landing instructions:

  1. Prepare everything you need for grafting:
    • sharp garden knife;
    • blade;
    • rooted cuttings as a scion;
    • polyethylene film;
    • an adult young plant as a rootstock.
  2. The stock cut at the desired height must be split in the center with a knife.
  3. The scion stalk must be sharpened in a wedge-shaped manner.
  4. Insert the scion stalk into the split.
  5. Wrap the vaccination site tightly with plastic wrap, firmly fixing it.

Seeds

Step-by-step landing instructions:

  1. Prepare the necessary for sowing:
    • container;
    • substrate;
    • drainage;
    • seeds;
    • spray bottle with water;
    • glass or plastic wrap.
  2. Fill the bottom of the container with drainage, then a layer of moistened soil.
  3. The seeds are spread over the surface at a distance of 0.5 cm from each other, and they are sprinkled on top with a thin layer of substrate so that the seeds are buried by 5 mm.
  4. Moisten the top layer liberally with a spray bottle.
  5. The pot is covered with glass or polyethylene, placed in a warm, bright place, but without direct sunlight. The recommended temperature for keeping is + 25C - + 27C. The first shoots will appear in 2 - 3 weeks.
  6. It is necessary to maintain constant humidity in the greenhouse, do not forget to ventilate it and regularly spray the seeds and soil.
  7. When the first leaves appear on the seedlings, they must be planted in individual pots.
  8. In mid-May, seedlings are planted in open ground.

By dividing the bush

Step-by-step landing instructions:

  1. Prepare everything you need:
    • sharp knife;
    • secateurs.
  2. Dig up a bush.
  3. Carefully remove the soil from the roots (it is better to wash it off with water).
  4. Each trunk is separated with a knife so that each of them retains a part of the roots (at least 1 - 2 roots 1 - 3 mm long).
  5. With pruning shears, you need to trim all the soaked parts of the roots.
  6. Land in pre-prepared landing pits.

When to feed and trim?

Attention! If the hibiscus was planted in the fall, then you should also mulch the soil around the trunk of the seedling and tie it with spruce spruce branches or burlap with dead wood.

Hibiscus varieties grown outdoors are quite unpretentious and do not require special care. Systematic loosening of the topsoil, removal of weeds, regular watering (in hot and dry summers, watering should be daily) - this is what the plant needs. Twice a month, from June to September, garden hibiscus needs to be fed with fertilizers with a high content of nitrogen and phosphorus, and fertilizers with potassium in the fall. Do not forget about regularly pruning the plant.

What if the plant does not take root?

  1. The rooted stalk withers after transplanting into the ground. When planting a young plant, its root system was disrupted. We'll have to cut the hibiscus again, since there is practically no chance of survival for such a cutting. A similar phenomenon can be prevented if the cuttings are transplanted by the transshipment method: remove the plant from the old pot and, without shaking off the earthen coma, place it in the earthen hole.
  2. The plant did not bloom as expected. Garden hibiscus needs regular pruning for systematic and abundant flowering.
  3. Young garden hibiscus shows signs of infectious diseases (rot, powdery spots, etc.). To prevent this phenomenon, it is recommended to disinfect the soil, the pot in which the cuttings will be planted (treatment with fungicides, heat treatment). You can also immerse the seeds in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for a short time before soaking them in a growth stimulant solution.

Despite its exotic origin, hibiscus has long become "home" in the Russian latitudes. With a little effort, every grower can grow and propagate this plant., bringing a little exoticism of hot countries to the design of your personal plot.


Watch the video: How to Care for a Hibiscus Indoor u0026 Outdoor (June 2022).


Comments:

  1. Aralkis

    This is not exactly what I need. There are other options?

  2. Triton

    In it something is. Thanks for the help in this question. I did not know it.

  3. Lele

    thanks

  4. Ackerman

    I have a CGI character :)

  5. Grayvesone

    I am finite, I apologize, but it all doesn’t come close. Are there other variants?

  6. Akikinos

    Great, very funny message

  7. Faelkree

    you have been mistaken, probable?



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