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Beetroot (beetroot) in our country is grown everywhere, even in the Far North, because it is an unpretentious crop, and it is also a useful and nutritious vegetable. Breeders have obtained a huge number of varieties and hybrids of table beets, among which the Boro F1 hybrid can be noted. This article will tell you what the F1 hybrid is and how it was obtained, how it differs from other varieties, what are its pros and cons, how to grow it properly, collect, store it, as well as what diseases and pests can threaten it and how with to cope with them all.
Detailed characteristics and description of the variety
It is a mid-season beetroot hybrid with a growing season of 110-115 days. The rosette of leaves is small, erect, well developed. Rounded root crops with a diameter of 8-10 cm, can reach a weight of 110-210 grams... The flesh of beets is bright red without rings, the skin is dark and smooth. The average yield of the variety is 60-80 tons per hectare.
Boro F1 variety bred by breeders from Holland. This is a new hybrid that surpasses the characteristics of the Pablo F1 beet variety familiar to many gardeners.
What is the difference from other types of beetles?
The Boro F1 beet hybrid is more resistant to temperature extremes and diseases. Root crops are of high quality and leveled, with a high sugar content.
Advantages and disadvantages
- The Boro F1 hybrid has good storage properties and is also suitable for mechanical cleaning.
- Root vegetables "Boro" are sweet, juicy, have a thin skin, are well cleaned raw and boiled.
- The maroon color of the vegetable is preserved even after boiling.
Reference! The disadvantages include a small graininess of the vegetable pulp.
For what and where is it used?
Boro F1 hybrid is recommended for fresh use, home and industrial processing, for winter storage, and is also suitable for the production of food colors.
Step-by-step instructions for growing
Where and for how much can you buy seed?
The cost of a package of Boro F1 beet seeds weighing 1.0 gram on the market is on average 30-40 rubles, you can buy it in the shops of Moscow Zone of the Lawn, First Seeds, Urozhainaya Gryadka and others and in the stores of St. and others.
Sowing in open ground is carried out in mid-May... This variety of beets can be sown before winter - in late October - early November.
When choosing a site for sowing beets, a number of factors are taken into account. Low-lying areas that are flooded during heavy rains are not suitable for this crop. This should be an open, well-lit area. You need to know what crops were grown on the planned site last season.
It is better not to sow a beet after cabbage, but after potatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkin and greens, there will be a good harvest. Beets "tolerate" if before that carrots, peas and onions grew on the site.
What should be the soil?
Light loose soils with normal acidity are suitable for "Boro":
- sandy loam;
- black soil.
If the soil is too clayey, adding sand will help, otherwise the roots will grow fibrous, tough and bitter.
Reference! The growth of a large amount of rape, wild sorrel and horsetail indicates soil acidity. Beet root crops grown on such land will be small and ugly in shape. Adding lime and dolomite flour to the soil will reduce its acidity.
Seeds are buried in the ground to a depth of 2-4 cm at a distance of 5 to 10 cm from each other, the row spacing is 25-30 cm.
It is better that the distances between plants are not very large., otherwise the roots will be large and take longer to cook.
It is better to sow in cloudy weather, or in the evening. After sowing, it is recommended to roll the soil a little.
In order to save the area of the garden for sowing beets, the aisles of cucumbers or tomatoes are often used.
In dry weather, the prepared ridge is moistened an hour or two before sowing, in rainy weather it is worth moistening only the grooves. 3-4 days after sowing, it is better to loosen the soil with a rake, this will ensure friendly shoots.
- Already at an air temperature of 3-4 ° C, beet seeds will germinate, but within a month.
- At 6-7 ° C, seedlings will appear in 10-15 days.
- When the temperature stabilizes to 15-20 ° C, the seeds will germinate in a week.
Sowing beets is best when the soil temperature at a depth of 6 cm is above 7-8 ° C. Seedlings do not withstand frost.
Beets do not like waterlogging, including the Boro F1 hybrid... At the same time, young seedlings do not like when the soil dries up. It is necessary to water it depending on the weather conditions; in a dry summer there can be 5-6 waterings. Stop watering beets a month before harvesting.
The main elements that beets need:
After thinning the seedlings, the beets are fed with mineral fertilizers (with nitrogen), after the tops are closed, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers are applied without the use of nitrogen.
In the absence of complex mineral fertilizers, ash is introduced into the soil, which is pre-mixed with compost. At 1m2 plot - 3 glasses of ash.
Important! Do not abuse nitrogen fertilizers, apply them in small portions to avoid an increase in the nitrate content in root crops.
Other care measures
After the appearance of the first beet leaves, thin out the seedlings. During this period, up to the closing of the tops, the plants need constant weeding and loosening of the row spacings. It is necessary to loosen carefully, especially while the crops are low, this is done with a simple ordinary old fork. Mulching the bed with peat or cut grass will help reduce the amount of watering and loosening.
Harvesting Boro takes place from July to September... It is important not only to grow, but also to harvest the resulting crop correctly.
When harvesting beets, dig in the roots with a shovel or pitchfork and lift them up together with the soil. After that, gently pull the vegetables out by the tops or pick them out with your hands. It is better to harvest in dry weather and before frost, since even a slight frost can destroy the tops of root crops, which will make vegetables unsuitable for storage. After harvesting, dry the roots.
Some rules for drying beets:
- In dry warm weather, it is better to dry in the garden for two to four hours, but no more.
- If the harvest takes place in rainy weather or the roots are harvested from damp soil, then it is better to dry in a well-ventilated area, scattering the harvested crop in one layer. Drying time indoors is from 2-3 days to a week.
After the crop has been dug up and dried in the air, its first processing is carried out.:
- Carefully remove clumps of clay and earth from root crops.
- Cut off the tops, leaving a small "tail" up to 1 cm in size. Often the tops are simply twisted by hand, which is better not to do.
- Remove the lateral roots without damaging the root crop itself.
- Cut the main root a little, leaving it up to 5-7 cm long.
After the first processing of the crop, remove damaged and rotten roots, and leave only strong and small ones for storage. Large fruits are more fibrous, boil for a long time and are not stored for so long.
Remaining soil on root crops after the initial cleaning will even help store them. You only need to remove lumps of earth, which can damage neighboring fruits., and looser lumps of soil crumble themselves.
Store beets in a dark, cool room, for example, in cellars, basements, less often on balconies and in the refrigerator. Outside the premises, root crops are buried in trenches and holes.
We suggest you watch a video on how to store beets:
Diseases and pests
Important! The Boro beet variety is characterized by increased resistance to various adverse factors, but there is a possibility of some vegetable diseases caused by increased soil acidity.
Such defects of the root crop are possible:
- scab (cracks and growths on the fruit);
- phomosis (spots on the leaves);
- blackening of the pulp;
- root-eater, "black leg" (at the seedling stage);
- voids in the root crop.
All of the above sometimes occurs due to a large amount of nitrogen or with increased doses of fertilizing, so you need to correctly fertilize the soil.
Prevention of various problems
Wheatgrass growing around the site and the increased acidity of the soil sometimes become a comfortable habitat for the larvae of beet pests, which literally turn any root crop into a sieve.
To reduce the number of these pests of beets, you need to regularly:
- select larvae manually when digging;
- use potato tuber traps;
- destroy wheatgrass around the site;
- add lime to the soil.
If there are few weeds, and the soil was cultivated correctly in spring and autumn, then the attack of pests can be avoided.
Boro F1 beets are tasty and even root vegetables, productive and resistant to unfavorable factors variety. With competent agricultural technology, the Boro F1 hybrid will certainly delight gardeners who can provide themselves with a fresh harvest and supplies for the winter.
We invite you to watch a video about Boro F1 beets: