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Among the numerous dwarf varieties of tomatoes "Balconnoe Miracle" has the highest decorative properties and good taste.
Its short growing period allows for a good harvest both at home and when grown outdoors.
Strong, dense tomato fruits contain an increased amount of lycopene, are suitable for freezing and preparing a lot of nutritious vegetable dishes.
In this article, we will try to tell you in detail how to grow such a tomato variety on the balcony, we will also consider the differences in growing in the open field.
Description and characteristics of tomato varieties
The "Balcony Miracle" tomato variety is a dwarf-type annual plant with a maximum height of 50-70 centimeters. The growing season is 70-80 days. Hybrid variety, early ripening, with a yield of up to 2 kg of fruits from each bush. Possesses decorative appearance, is resistant to pests. Suitable for home cultivation and long-term storage.
The fruits are bright red, round, glossy, the weight of 1 tomato ranges from 15 to 70 grams. The fruits contain many seeds, have a fleshy aromatic pulp with a high content of pectin, dietary fiber, water, sugar, lycopene. The bush is compact, standard. The central stem is strong, up to 12 millimeters thick, firmly holding all the lashes of the plant. The leaves are emerald green, fragrant, segmented, and have round tips. Blooming with bright yellow flowers.
This variety was bred at the end of the 20th century by Russian and German breeders.... For this, two groups of varieties were involved - some had soft and juicy fruits with good taste, but were not resistant to late blight, septoria and other pests.
The second group of varieties, which included numerous German, French, Swedish specimens, had frost resistance and disease resistance, but their fruits were watery and insipid. As a result of numerous experiments over several seasons, an early ripening variety was obtained, suitable for cultivation at home, with a pronounced resistance and fleshy sweet fruits.
Preparatory activities: location, lighting, temperature, humidity
- Site preparation.
For growing this variety of tomatoes in pots at home, both a windowsill and a balcony are suitable. Tomatoes grow equally well both in wooden boxes and in flower pots, plastic containers. Seedling containers should be located on the south-east, south-west side of the house, separate from other potted plants.
The plant is light-requiring and should be lit for most of the day (6-8 hours). In low light conditions, it is recommended to use fluorescent lamps.
The optimum temperature for seed germination is 18-20 degrees, for further growth - 15-25 degrees.
The air should not be too dry, the optimal indicator is 40-70%.
- Sowing time.
The time depends on when it is necessary to harvest, and on the length of daylight hours in the region. If you plan to harvest tomatoes in April-May, seeds are sown in late December or early January. If the crop is harvested in October-November, then the seeds are sown in mid-August. If the daylight hours in a given area are short, sowing is carried out two weeks earlier than the above terms.
- Planting containers.
Pot: no more than 10-12 liters in volume, material - plastic, shape - rectangular or round. The height of the pot should not be more than 30-35 centimeters, otherwise the plant will give a lot of foliage.
Seedling box: size 30 by 40 centimeters, material - wood, plastic, rectangular, square shape. The height of the box should not be more than 30-35 centimeters. All seedling containers must have pallets.
Growing seedlings at home
Next, we'll talk about how to grow tomatoes at home: on a windowsill or on a balcony.
Before planting, it is recommended to test the seeds for germination., carry out disinfection and soaking.
- The seeds are dipped into a glass container and poured with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (1: 5000) for 15-30 minutes.
- Floating seeds are removed (they are empty).
- After the procedure, the seeds are washed with water and soaked, or placed on wet gauze for a day, keeping the water temperature at 18-22 degrees.
Correct soil preparation
The soil for sowing must be loose and well-drained. The use of manure, loamy or sandy loam soils is not allowed. It is not recommended to use standard primer for home flowers.... Ready-made purchased soil for tomatoes is suitable for planting, you can also prepare the soil yourself according to the following scheme:
- 50% humus;
- 45% black soil;
- superphosphate - 30-40 grams;
- wood ash - 100-200 grams;
- urea - 10 grams;
- mineral fertilizers based on potassium - 40 grams.
If the soil is taken from the garden, it is disinfected by placing it in a heated oven or in a microwave for 1 minute for half an hour.
Many are interested in how to properly plant tomato seeds at home. Seeds are sown in plastic cups in moist soil at a depth of no more than 1.0-1.5 cm, after which it is sprinkled with earth (can be mixed with humus in a ratio of 1: 1) and covered with foil to create a mini-greenhouse. Nest planting of 2-3 seeds in one glass.
- After the emergence of seedlings, the film must be removed.
- Weaker seedlings are removed, leaving 1 sprout each.
- After that, the containers are transferred to a room with a temperature of 15-25 degrees, periodically turning them in different directions to the sun - then the seedlings will grow evenly.
Watering of seedlings is carried out 1 time in 7-8 days, without getting on the plants. Growth of seedlings in a draft is not allowed.
Planting time of seedlings: not earlier than the stems of the seedlings reach a height of 15 centimeters (after 20-25 days).
Planting procedure: new soil is prepared. The soil must be loose and fertile, it is allowed to use land from the beds during pretreatment with ash, they also use purchased soil or prepared by hand (you can repeat the method of preparing soil for planting seeds). The acidified soil is not used. If the medium is slightly acidic, 50 grams of wood ash is added to it.
- Before planting, the seedlings are carefully removed from the cups and watered with warm water to remove excess soil.
- Fertilizers are applied to the soil.
- Then the seedlings are planted to a depth of no more than 10-12 centimeters.
- Sprinkle with earth and tamp lightly.
Step by step care instructions
Watering and fertilizing
Watering the plant with tap water is not allowed... Also, do not use cold or hot water (less than 18 or more than 35 degrees). Before watering, you need to check the water temperature with a thermometer (the optimum temperature is 18-25 degrees).
Water for irrigation must be prepared in advance - 2-3 days before watering, water is collected in containers and defended. Fertilization of tomatoes is carried out at least 3 times during the growing season, the first time - after the emergence of seedlings, the second - during the flowering period, the second time - during the setting of fruits or a week before planting in a permanent place.
Potassium, phosphorus mineral fertilizers are used as fertilizer... Recommended scheme: 5 grams of superphosphate, 1 gram of urea, 1 gram of potassium sulfate per 1 liter of separated water. You can use ready-made fertilizers for tomatoes - "Cytovid", "Epin".
Pruning and pinching
To improve the quantity and quality of the fruit, the plant needs pinching. The procedure should be carried out when the plant reaches a height of at least 15 centimeters. Pinching is carried out in the upper part of the central rod, and large branches are also captured.
Pruning of the plant is not necessary for home growing, but it is allowed if the plant is more than 55 centimeters high, as a result of which all nutrients will begin to flow into the fruits, and not into the foliage. It is necessary to pluck excess flowers from the bush so that the fruits are large and sweet... The plant does not need pinching.
Supports and hanging
When grown at home, tomatoes do not need to be hung. They should also not be tied up, since the stem of the plant is strong and durable, it holds the entire bush well. If pinching has not been carried out, hanging of the upper branches is allowed.
It is a necessary procedure affecting pollination and fruit setting. During flowering, it is recommended to ventilate the room at least 6 times a day. for 15-20 minutes, and also periodically shake the bushes.
Fruit: how much and when to expect?
The growing season ranges from 75 to 92 days, depending on lighting and care. The yield is up to 2 kilograms from 1 bush.
Features and differences of cultivation in the open field
We have already described how to grow tomatoes on a window or on a balcony, now let's talk about the features of their cultivation in the open field. When growing tomatoes of this variety in open soil, the following features are observed and differences:
- Since open ground is more nutrient-rich, feeding is carried out less frequently and in smaller quantities than when grown at home. The optimal amount is 2 times, during flowering and when fruit sets. Mainly natural fertilizers are used (humus, banana peel, wood ash at the rate of 150-200 grams of fertilizer per square meter).
- Pruning is mandatory, otherwise the plant will give a tall thick rod with a small amount of fruit.
- Plants are tied with thick ropes to metal or plastic arches, if pruning has not been carried out. You can use trellises with rows of wire to which the bushes will be attached.
- Support is also carried out with wooden pegs or ladders if the stem height exceeds 60 centimeters.
- Watering is carried out more often, once every 3-4 days, depending on the air temperature, after watering, the soil is loosened.
- Do not use nitrogen fertilizers, otherwise the plant will not bear fruit.
Tomato variety "Balcony Miracle" is an early ripening tomato that allows you to harvest at home up to 3-4 times a year. If you follow the simple rules of growing from one bush, you can get up to 2 kg of fruits with excellent organoleptic properties and an attractive appearance.
This variety has many uses, including freezing, making it the most preferred variety for use during the cold season.