Also

Information from A to Z. Self-cultivation of a verbena flower from seeds and cuttings

Information from A to Z. Self-cultivation of a verbena flower from seeds and cuttings


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Elegant inflorescences of graceful verbena decorate flower beds and make harmonious compositions with other plants on the plots of many gardeners. No wonder - after all, verbena is unpretentious in care, it blooms for a long time, and it is not difficult to grow it.

How verbena multiplies and how to properly grow it yourself from seeds and cuttings, we will tell you in detail in the article offered to your attention. We will show you a photo and give a lot of useful tips.

How does it multiply?

Reference. The way verbena reproduces depends on its variety.

Cutting propagation is considered optimal. But most often the plant is grown from seeds through seedlings, since Bonar verbena (the most popular flower variety) has a long developmental period: it takes about two months from the moment the first shoots appear to flowering (what other types of verbena are there?). Each method is characterized by a number of features and conditions.

Cuttings:

  • relevant for those varieties of verbena that do not produce seeds;
  • planting material must be prepared in advance, in the fall;
  • flowering starts earlier and lasts longer compared to flowering verbena grown with seedlings.

Seed method:

  • suitable for most varieties of verbena;
  • seed germination is slow;
  • it is better to plant seeds in the second half of March or early April, because sowing in an earlier period entails the need for additional illumination, without which the active growth of seedlings is impossible.

Breeding from seeds

Verbena seed propagation is the most popular method actively used by gardeners. Before proceeding with the study of the step-by-step instructions, it is necessary to clarify the general information about obtaining verbena seeds.

When does it give seeds and what conditions are needed?

The seeds form in the fruit at the end of flowering. Verbena requires minimal maintenance, but it must not be allowed to dry out, otherwise the plant will not bloom. It is also necessary to fertilize with fertilizers during the season, but do not get carried away with organic matter: an excess of nitrogen in the soil prevents the flowering of verbena, therefore, it is enough to apply organic fertilizers once a season.

Important! It is better to enrich the soil with phosphorus and potassium.

What they look like: description and photo

The seeds are elongated and brownish in color. Outwardly they resemble aster seeds. They are found in fruits, which are prefabricated four-leafed nuts of a light brown or greenish hue.

This is what verbena seeds look like:



How to assemble?

Seeds should be collected when the bulk of the fruit is already dry. The signal to collect seeds is the dark brown color of the bolls.

The procedure for collecting will be as follows:

  1. cut off an inflorescence with dried nuts and place it on a spread piece of cloth or a sheet of paper;
  2. wait until it dries completely, and in order to prevent the possible appearance of mold, the nuts must be periodically turned over;
  3. get the seeds out of the fruits, pour them into a box or paper bag, sign.

You can store seeds in this way until the next planting season. (maximum - within two years).

How and when to plant at home?

With the cultivation of verbena by the seed method, any novice florist, armed with auxiliary instructions, can handle it.

  1. Preparing the soil for sowing seeds. You can use ready-made seedling soil available from gardening supply stores, or you can make your own mix. To obtain a soil mixture, it is necessary to take garden soil, sand and peat in proportions of 1: 0.5: 2 (it is also better to add washed sand to the packed soil from the store).

    It is necessary to sift wood ash into the prepared mixture (half a glass for 2 liters of the mixture). Since loose, breathable and permeable soil is important for the successful germination of verbena, you can add ½ cup of perlite to a liter of soil mixture. To disinfect the soil, spill it with an aqueous fungicide solution.

  2. Sowing. Prepare a seed pot by filling it with potting soil. The seeds can also be planted in separate cups with soil, in this case there will be no need for further picking.

    Tamp the soil, distribute the seeds evenly over the surface, without burying them. Moisten the seeds with water from a fine spray and cover the seed container with glass or foil. Creating greenhouse conditions will allow the seeds to retain moisture.

  3. Waiting for shoots. To speed up the germination of seeds, you should keep the bowl by the battery for 2 or 3 days, then in a room with a temperature of +25 degrees. During this period, there are no special requirements for lighting, but after the emergence of seedlings, the bowl must be placed in the light, and the temperature should be from 15 to 17 degrees above zero. Seedlings germinate in 10-15 days.
  4. Picking. As soon as the first pair of leaves breaks through, the verbena needs to be transplanted, preferably in separate pots or cups. Now you need more fertile soil than when sowing.

    To prepare the mixture, you will need ½ part of sand and two parts of garden soil and peat. To three liters of the resulting soil mixture, you need to add a tablespoon of mineral fertilizer and half a glass of wood ash.

    The mixture is laid out in pots, leveled, small holes are made in the soil into which verbena is planted. It is not necessary to deeply deepen the seedlings. Seedlings must be carefully watered and placed in the light.

  5. Further care. Young verbena takes about two weeks to adapt and take root. After that, the soil should be fed with organic fertilizers for seedlings. Tall varieties at the initial stage of growth require a pinch of the upper part of the plant.
  6. Landing in open ground. Verbena is not a frost-resistant plant, therefore, it can be planted only in the absence of a frost threat (in the second half of May-early June for central Russia). Seedlings are pre-hardened. The permanent place in which the verbena will be planted should be open and have access to sunlight.

    Important! Neutral soil is required; before planting, it is worth adding a complex mineral fertilizer, and putting a thin layer of drainage in the planting holes.

    When planting, observe the distance between the seedlings at 25-40 cm. After that, make intensive watering.

Watch a video on how to plant verbena seeds at home:

Learn more about the basic rules for planting and caring for vervain here.

Propagation by cuttings

For successful propagation of vervain by cuttings, you will need to adhere to a certain sequence of actions.

  1. Cutting cuttings from the mother verbena bush dug in the fall must be done in the spring. It is better to cut the upper shoots of the plant. There should be 4-6 pairs of leaves on the handle.
  2. To prevent the mother plant from dying, the cut sites are sprinkled with crushed charcoal.
  3. The cuttings are removed from the lower leaves and planted in pots with a soil mixture consisting of peat and sand to a depth of 1 cm, then covered with foil.
  4. When the verbena takes root and sprouts, you need to transplant it into the open ground. It usually takes no more than a month for rooting.

Next, you can watch a useful video on how to propagate vervain yourself by grafting:

Advice

  • To speed up the germination of the sown seeds, it is recommended to refrigerate them for 2 to 3 days. For the same purpose, you can use a growth stimulant preparation by soaking the seeds in the solution before sowing.
  • With proper care, verbena is not prone to disease, however, abundant watering can lead to rotting of certain parts of the plant and the appearance of diseases such as powdery mildew or black leg. Regular watering is required only during the growth and flowering period, then it is reduced. Remember, watering should always be moderate. But it is also impossible to allow the soil to dry out.
  • To extend the flowering period of the verbena, remember to remove the wilted inflorescences. You need to cut off about a quarter of the length of the shoot. It is also necessary to regularly loosen the soil around the plant (especially during the dry summer after watering), remove weeds from single bushes.

Using the recommendations for growing verbena given in this article, you can independently and easily decorate your site with this beautiful, unpretentious and long-flowering plant.


Watch the video: How To Grow Verbena Annual (June 2022).


Comments:

  1. Vudokinos

    Yes well!

  2. Nawat

    bravo, the excellent answer.

  3. Nirr

    Write interesting and informative, I would like to see more extensive information on this topic



Write a message