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Reproduction of tarragon, or tarragon, by seeds is the simplest, but far from the most successful method. If the resumption of planting of a plant occurs constantly from its own seeds, then the tarragon begins to gradually degenerate.
The plant becomes less aromatic and loses its taste, as the concentration of essential oils decreases with this method of planting. That is why vegetative methods of planting tarragon are preferable. These include: dividing the tarragon bush, cuttings and propagation by layering.
How to propagate by cuttings?
This method is very convenient when you need to get a large number of tarragon seedlings. From an adult plant, you can get up to 80 pieces of cuttings. Cutting is a little more difficult than propagation by layering or dividing the rhizome... The survival rate of tarragon will depend on strict adherence to all planting requirements.
Important... Cuttings are harvested in late June and early July during the period of active growth of the plant, since at this time the bushes reach sufficient height so that they do not get stress during cutting.
Cuttings are planted in pots, a greenhouse, a greenhouse, or immediately to a permanent place in open ground.
Where to get cuttings?
Cuttings are cut from well-grown tarragon bushes... For cutting, the top of the shoot of a healthy plant is used without signs of damage and disease, on which there should be 2-4 buds. The length of the cut shoot is about 15 centimeters.
The shoot is cut at an angle of 40-45 degrees. The lower third of the shoot is freed from leaves. For 6-8 hours, place the shoot in a container with water or use instead of water a solution that accelerates root formation, for example, "root". Some gardeners use honey, succinic acid or aloe juice for this.
- They are planted in the ground under a film shelter or in a greenhouse. The cutting sits to a depth of 3-4 centimeters in loose soil, half mixed with sand. Soil temperature should be between 12-18 degrees.
- In case of planting in open ground, the plants are covered with plastic bottles, film or glass jars.
- Planting of tarragon shoots is carried out according to the scheme 8x8 or 5x5 centimeters. Plants need regular airing and watering. After one and a half to two weeks, they will take root.
- After about a month, the rooted cuttings are transplanted to a permanent place according to the scheme of 70x30 centimeters, not forgetting to water thoroughly. Cuttings are transferred from the ground along with a lump of earth, trying to damage the roots as little as possible. If the tarragon does not take root well, then you can transplant it in the spring.
Next, we suggest watching a video on how the reproduction of tarragon by cuttings is carried out:
You can find out about the features of planting tarragon in this article.
Dividing the bush
This is the fastest and easiest method for breeding tarragon. This method can be used to propagate tarragon in the fall, at the beginning of October, or in the spring, when the soil warms up.
Attention! It should be remembered that with constant use of this method, the plant loses its ability to bear fruit.
It is recommended to choose a place for planting that is well-lit by the sun.... Growing tarragon in the shade reduces the amount of essential oils in the plant, which negatively affects the taste and aroma of tarragon.
With the reproduction of tarragon by dividing, the plants are planted immediately in open ground in a permanent place.
How to select a bush for dividing?
This breeding method requires tarragon at the age of 3-4 years and older.... Well-developed tarragon bushes with strong large rhizomes are used. The plant must be free from signs of damage from diseases or pests.
The rhizome is dug up and divided into parts. Each part should have 2–5 shoots (they can be counted by basal buds). It is not necessary to remove the soil from the separated rhizomes. To easily unravel the roots and divide the bush, you need to soak the plant in water for several hours.
Rhizomes are divided by hand, it is better not to use a knife and scissors... You can plant not a piece of a bush, but a part of the rhizome with buds 7-10 centimeters long. It is placed horizontally when landing in the ground. Before planting, rhizomes are soaked in any biostimulator for 2-3 hours. Open cuts of roots are sprinkled with activated carbon, wood ash, chalk.
- Digging holes for planting.
- Plants are buried to a depth of 4–5 centimeters.
- The soil is watered moderately, covered with dry soil. The first 2-3 weeks they must be protected from direct sunlight.
- The tops of the seedlings are cut, leaving half of the existing stems. This helps the tarragon to take root faster, as it reduces the evaporation area.
How does it propagate by layering?
This is a very convenient way, does not require absolutely any costs, but it takes a lot of time. When propagating by layering, the seedling will be ready for planting in a permanent place only after a year.
This method used for breeding tarragon in spring... Tarragon is propagated by layering directly in the open field, in the place where the mother plant grows.
How to choose layers?
The stem of the plant should be 1-2 years old, well developed. It should not show signs of damage by pests or diseases.
- A suitable plant stem is selected.
- Several shallow notches are made on the lower part of the stem, which will be buried.
- A shallow furrow or ditch is dug. Water it.
- The stem of the tarragon is bent and fixed in the ground by the middle, sprinkle this place with soil.
- The earth is kept moist throughout the rooting period.
- The next year in the spring, the rooted shoot is separated from the mother plant and planted in a permanent place.
How else can you grow tarragon?
reference... Tarragon also reproduces in a generative way, that is, using seeds or growing seedlings. They resort to it if you need to radically rejuvenate the landings.
Tarragon is sown in open ground in early spring, or in autumn, before the appearance of snow. It is advisable to cover the crops with a film, which is removed after seed germination. After 2-3 weeks, at a temperature of about +20 degrees, the seeds sprout (for growing tarragon from seeds and in other ways, read here). But this method is unacceptable for most regions, therefore, a more reliable breeding method is used - seedlings.
Tarragon seedlings are sown in early March. The soil should be light permeable, boxes for seedlings are needed with drainage. Seedlings are placed on a windowsill well-lit by the sun. After the appearance of two leaves, the seedlings are thinned so that there is at least 6 centimeters between the seedlings. They are transplanted into open ground at a temperature of +20 degrees in June. According to the scheme 30x60 centimeters.
Read about how to grow tarragon from seeds here.
In one place, tarragon can grow up to 8-10 years. After 3-5 years, the productivity of tarragon decreases, it acquires a bitter taste. This means that the plant needs to be renewed, transplanted, replaced with other shoots. Tarragon is very unpretentious in cultivation, it is easy to propagate, it takes root well and grows both in the open field and in pots on the windowsill of the house. Even a few bushes of this plant can provide a tasty and aromatic seasoning throughout the year.