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Chemical composition, calorie content and nutritional value of sorrel. What to combine the product with?

Chemical composition, calorie content and nutritional value of sorrel. What to combine the product with?


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An important condition for the health and youth of the body is the correct acid-base balance. Is sorrel alkaline or acidic? Sorrel is a useful alkaline product that allows you to avoid the development of many pathological conditions of the body and maintain health until a ripe old age, as well as prolong youth.

In the article, you can find out what the calorie content of sorrel is per 100 grams, as well as what vitamins and what microelements, macronutrients and acids are in it.

The chemical composition of fresh grass

Sorrel has a sour taste, as it contains a large amount of potassium salt of oxalic acid. It also contains citric and malic acids, flavonoids, sugars, tannins, vitamins, as well as microelements and macronutrients.

What vitamins are contained?

What vitamins do the leaves of the plant contain? Sorrel contains a lot of vitamin C, which helps to strengthen the immune system, and also participates in almost all biochemical processes of the body.

Vitamin K in its composition is responsible for the process of blood coagulation and is involved in the growth of bone tissue. B vitamins normalize the work of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, strengthen the immune system, participate in cell growth, contribute to the normal functioning of the nervous system and improve the functioning of the intestines.

Vitamin composition:

  • A (beta-carotene) - 2.5 mcg;
  • C (ascorbic acid) - 47 mg;
  • E (tocopherol) - 1.9 mg;
  • K (phyllochtnon) - 0.6 mg;
  • B1 (thiamine) - 0.06 mg;
  • B2 (riboflavin) - 0.16 mg;
  • B6 (pyridoxine) - 0.2 mg;
  • B7 (biotin) - 0.6 μg;
  • B9 (folic acid) - 13.0 μg;
  • K (phylloquinone) - 45.0 μg;
  • PP (nicotinic acid) - 0.3-0.5 mg.

Nicotinic acid (vitamin PP) belongs to those substances that are not synthesized in the body, so they must be supplied to the body from the outside. This substance is involved in the breakdown of fats and carbohydrates, and also takes part in protein metabolism and helps to reduce the level of bad cholesterol, improves blood circulation, strengthens the heart, and also improves memory.

Macronutrients

Macronutrients are essential for normal human life. Their deficiency can lead to various diseases. Sorrel contains the following macronutrients:

  • calcium - 54 mg;
  • potassium - 362 mg;
  • sodium - 4 mg;
  • magnesium - 41 mg;
  • phosphorus - 71 mg;
  • sulfur - 20 mcg;
  • chlorine - 70 mg.
  1. Potassium and magnesium essential for heart health.
  2. Calcium and Phosphorus strengthens bones, nails and hair.
  3. Sodium regulates neuromuscular activity.
  4. Sulfur prevents tissue oxidation at the cellular level, ensures the transfer of genetic information, and also cleanses the blood and lymph from toxins and toxins.

Trace elements

Trace elements are a valuable source of essential substances. Sorrel contains the following trace elements:

  • iodine - 3 mcg;
  • copper - 0.2 mg;
  • manganese - 0.35 mcg;
  • iron - 2.4 mg;
  • zinc - 0.5 mg;
  • fluorine - 70 mcg.
  1. Iodine necessary for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland, endocrine, and also the central nervous system.
  2. Copper participates in the work of the brain and metabolism.
  3. Manganese valuable in that it is a conductor of other useful substances. Such as copper, B vitamins, vitamins E and C, which are powerful antioxidants.
  4. Iron is part of hemoglobin, which is necessary to provide all organs with oxygen. Iron deficiency provokes the development of anemia, in which all organs suffer from a lack of oxygen.
  5. Zinc stimulates the production of sex hormones, normalizes the work of the pituitary gland, adrenal glands, testes and ovaries.
  6. Fluorine prevents tooth decay and regulates blood circulation.

Essential amino acids

Essential acids are not synthesized by the human body on its own, therefore, their intake from the outside with food must necessarily be carried out.

Their lack can provoke malfunctions in the body. They help to strengthen muscles and ligaments, increase muscle mass, help repair damaged tissues, and also participate in all body processes.

Sorrel contains the following essential amino acids:

  • valine - 0.133 g;
  • histidine - 0.054 g;
  • leucine - 0.167 g;
  • isoleucine - 0.102 g;
  • lysine - 0.115 g;
  • threonine - 0.094 g;
  • methionine - 0.035 g;
  • phenylalanine - 0.114 g.
  1. Valine regenerates muscles and is a good source of energy.
  2. Histidine helps to improve the functioning of joints, improves blood quality and has a beneficial effect on muscle growth.
  3. Isoleucine takes part in the production of hemoglobin, monitors blood sugar levels and increases the body's endurance.
  4. Leucine helps to strengthen the immune system and is responsible for the level of leukocytes in the blood.
  5. Lysine helps to strengthen bone tissue and is responsible for collagen production.
  6. Methionine contributes to the normal functioning of the liver and digestive tract, and also participates in the breakdown of fats.

Essential amino acids

Essential amino acids can be produced by the body, so their availability in food is not particularly important. Sorrel contains the following nonessential amino acids:

  • arginine - 0.108 g;
  • alanine - 0.132 g;
  • glycine - 0.114 g;
  • aspartic acid - 0.181 g;
  • glutamic acid - 0.216 g;
  • serine - 0.077 g;
  • proline - 0.116;
  • tyrosine - 0.083 g.
  1. Alanin serves as a source of energy and aids in muscle growth.
  2. Glycine promotes muscle function and stabilizes blood pressure, blood glucose, and also participates in the breakdown of fats.
  3. Serine helps to boost immunity and helps release energy, which is essential for the rapid metabolism of fatty acids.
  4. Aspartic acid reduces the level of ammonia under heavy loads and speeds up the metabolism.
  5. Glutamic acid helps the brain.

Calorie content, nutritional value and BJU

How many calories are in sorrel? Sorrel is a low-calorie dietary product, which contains only 22 kcal per hundred grams. Energy value (BZHU):

  • proteins - 1.5 g;
  • fats - 0.3 g;
  • carbohydrates - 2.9 g.

Nutritional value per 100g of product:

  • dietary fiber - 1.2 g;
  • water - 92 g;
  • mono- and disaccharides - 2.8 g;
  • starch - 0.1 g;
  • unsaturated fatty acids - 0.1 g;
  • saturated fatty acids -0.1 g;
  • organic acids - 0.7 g;
  • ash - 1.4 g

The chemical composition of the cooked herb

Fresh sorrel is considered the most useful, since heat treatment produces an inorganic form of oxalic acid. It can build up in the body and lead to kidney and bladder stones.

In small quantities, oxalic acid does not do any harm, as it is excreted in the urine. The body can only be harmed if consumed in large doses. Therefore, do not often cook sorrel soups, it is better to use it only fresh.

Frozen

When properly frozen, sorrel leaves retain all the nutrients that are in a fresh plant. Therefore, the composition of frozen leaves in this case is no different from fresh ones.

Dried

If during drying the sorrel was not exposed to direct sunlight, then the dried product will contain almost all useful substances. In this form, it retains its color, taste and useful properties.

Different types and varieties

There are many varieties of sorrel cultivated, which practically do not differ in chemical composition. but there is a plant that many people confuse with sorrel - this is spinach. In appearance, it is very similar to sorrel and has the same ripening periods with it. Therefore, it is often mistaken for sorrel.

Spinach can replace sorrel in many recipes, but it has a slightly different taste and composition.

Differences from spinach

  • Sorrel has light green leaves with a sharp tip, while spinach has dark green and rounded leaves.
  • Sorrel has a sour taste, since it contains oxalic acid, while spinach is not sour and has a small proportion of bitterness in its taste.

Both plants are low in calories and contain many nutrients. If we compare them in chemical composition, then it is worth noting that the first difference is in the content of oxalic acid, which is very small in spinach compared to sorrel. Spinach contains a lot of protein - about 2.3%. Its content is greater only in legumes, so it is appreciated by adherents of various diets.

What products to combine with?

All foods have a different chemical composition, so they are digested differently in the body. Various enzymes are produced to process the product. There are foods that have different digestion times. And if you use them together, then the process of proper digestion will be disrupted. Food won't just rot or ferment.

The use of foods compatible with each other will avoid such problems, it contributes to the complete assimilation of the nutrients of a particular product. Sorrel goes well with any food except milk.

What dishes are best added to?

Sorrel can be added to many dishes, this will enrich their composition with useful substances, as well as improve the taste. For example, it can be added to pies, salads, sauces, omelets, as well as cabbage soup and okroshka. There are even recipes for making sorrel lemonade and jam.

There are more than two hundred varieties of sorrel, and only a few of them are used as food and medicinal plants. Translated from Latin, its name means "spear". The plant has a rich composition and has a positive effect on the body. However, it is worth remembering that its use in boiled form must be limited.


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