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Varieties of the golden orchid. Features of flower cultivation and care

Varieties of the golden orchid. Features of flower cultivation and care


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Orchids are perennial plants native to the tropics of America. There are about 25 thousand natural species and about 15 thousand hybrids, so there is no need to talk about the general sizes and colors of orchids. Orchids interbreed easily, providing the breeder with ample opportunity to work.

This article tells about the main varieties of the golden orchid, the rules for caring for it, as well as the diseases and pests that affect this beauty.

"Gold of Kinabalu"

The flower that gave the name to the varieties of golden orchids bears the proud name "Gold of Kinabalu"... His homeland is the mountain of the same name on the Malaysian island of Borneo. Seedlings of this exotic flower are sold for up to five thousand US dollars.

reference... Golden Orchid in Latin: Paphiopedilum rothschildianum.

The golden orchid grows up to 60cm in height. The leaves are large, up to 40 cm, bright or yellow-green, at the base there are hairs of a red hue. The color changes to yellow in the sun. Peduncle - one per plant, length - up to 70cm. It can have no more than six flowers up to 45 cm in diameter.

Flowers - yellow or cream with brown streaks, darker at the base... The petals are asymmetric, with dense cilia at the edges. In nature, it is pollinated by parasitic flies, attracted by the bright colors of the plant.

Main varieties: description and photo

There is a wide variety of varieties of this beautiful plant, photos of which can be seen below.

Fragrant lycast

The flowers are bright yellow with a strong scent. It takes a long time to wait for flowering. Young shoots on the mother plant will bloom in 2 years, and on a young one after 5 years. Wait even longer for seedlings to bloom: the first flowering of fragrant lycast - after 10 years of life... The native land of the plant is the tropics of South America.

Golden Jaguar

One of the most suitable varieties for growing at home. Coloring - many shades of yellow. It blooms every six months. The height of an adult plant is up to 60cm. The homeland of the plant is South Asia, the Philippines, Australia.

Golden Beauty

The peculiarity of this variety is that it was obtained as a result of a large number of crosses., while acquiring resistance to climatic conditions. But do not forget that the Golden Beauty is a tropical plant that loves warmth and moisture. Up to ten large yellow-red flowers can grow on one peduncle. The peduncles themselves grow up to 85cm.

The plant can bloom up to two months. Homeland - Australia and South Asia.

Watch the video about the Golden Beauty Orchid:

Solid Gold

This plant is sold with two peduncles, and yellow flowers appear on them every six months. The flowering period is 2 months. This variety requires a lot of sunlight. The native land of the plant is the tropics of South Asia, South India, Taiwan, the Philippines.

Gold Rush

A popular variety of orchids up to 50cm in height with two peduncles of different lengths. One is 70cm, the other is 45cm. While the first is blooming, the second is picking up buds. Flowers - with a transition from pink to orange, streaked. Flowering continues for three months... It blooms once a year, but if you create ideal conditions for the plant, you can achieve re-flowering.

Golden Apple

"Apple" is similar to "Fever", but the flowers are dominated by a yellow tint, and they are of a different shape. The flower stalk of the Golden Apple is up to 55cm. Flowers - up to 9cm. The variety does not like direct sunlight, but it tolerates artificial lighting well.

How many more "golden" varieties of 15 thousand hybrids and 25 thousand natural orchids, it is difficult to say. New species are constantly being discovered in tropical forests, and breeders are getting new varieties.

Flower care

Orchid is a demanding flower... Just planting in a pot and watering from time to time will not work. Common to all varieties of golden orchids:

  • Do not place the flower in direct sunlight.
  • Plants cannot tolerate drafts and excessive heat from batteries.

Comfort temperature

Temperature is difficult. Orchids change the requirements for climatic conditions not only according to the seasons, but also according to the time of day.

  • Summer - from +23 to +28 degrees.
  • Winter - from +18 to +23 degrees.
  • The night is 5 degrees lower than during the day.

Important! When you buy a flower, it needs time to acclimatize. Therefore, do not immediately put the orchid in a permanent place, first leave it in a dark room for two days.

Watering requirements

The orchid loves moisture, but you should not pour it in either.... The best option is a pot with a pallet. The flower will take water on its own - as needed.

  • During the period when the plant does not bloom, watering - 1 time in 7-10 days.
  • During the flowering period - once every 10-12 days.
  • In summer, when it's hot - every 2-4 days.
  • You can understand that watering is required by the top layer of the soil. If the soil is dry, it's time to water.
  • The plant needs to be sprayed periodically. Water should not get into the rosettes of the leaves - this can lead to rotting!
  • It is advisable to put a container with water next to the flower - to increase the humidity of the air.

Water for irrigation must settle.

Priming

Orchid soil is purchased in specialized stores, but you can make it yourself. Basic requirement: the soil must retain moisture... Use:

  • charcoal;
  • pine bark;
  • moss;
  • low-lying peat.

Important! Be sure to boil the bark before use so as not to introduce parasites.

Fertilizers

  • While the plant is not blooming, you need to fertilize once a month.
  • During the flowering period - 2 times a month.
  • In winter, top dressing is not needed.
  • It is not worth fertilizing the plant for the first week after the purchase, and during the first feeding it is worth greatly reducing the dosage of fertilizer in order to see how the plant reacts to it.

Be careful with the choice of fertilizers. An orchid doesn't need too much salt... Read the dosage recommended by the fertilizer manufacturer and use half that dosage.

Transfer

Orchids do not like changing places, and the transplanting process is stressful for the flower.

  • You need to transplant in the spring, in the absence of flowering.
  • The new container for the flower should be slightly larger, but not very deep.
  • The main thing in transplanting is not to damage the roots of the plant.
  • After transplanting, do not water for 3 days.
  • A transplant should not be performed more often than once every 4-5 years.

Requirements for capacity for planting orchids:

  • Transparent plastic pot.
  • Good drainage.

When transplanting, do not use a growing pot - the new pot should be several centimeters larger than the previous one.

Transplant process

  1. Remove the plant from the old container without damaging the roots.
  2. Remove old soil from roots.
  3. Place in a new pot.

Pruning

After flowering, it is important to properly prune the plant.

  1. It is necessary to remove dried buds so that pests do not multiply in them.
  2. The branches that have dried up after flowering are cut with a knife or garden shears.

Reproduction

The easiest way to do this is during a transplant. In the process, the bush is divided into several parts.

  1. Do not water the planted plants for two weeks.
  2. The room temperature should not be lower than +22 degrees.

Pests and diseases

Orchid diseases are mainly associated with improper care.:

  • Leaves may turn yellow and wither.
  • Blooming buds may dry up.

In such cases, you need to check what you are doing wrong and correct the situation.

Other diseases rarely occur in orchids, and it is better to contact a specialist with them:

  • Bacterial spotting.
  • Powdery mildew.
  • Sooty mushrooms.

What parasites threaten orchids:

  • Shield... Bumps appear on the stems and leaves, in which parasites live.
  • Aphid... Small, black or green insects.
  • Spider mite... The main sign is that a cobweb appears on the flower.
  • Mealybugs... Something resembling cotton wool appears on the buds and the inside of the leaves. It is in this place that the female of the parasite is located.
  • Puffs... Gray insects, which become clearly visible after watering.
  • Thrips... The main signs of appearance are a change in the color of the leaves or a silvery film on them.

Poisons are used to get rid of parasites. But the flower itself does not tolerate chemicals well. To solve the problem, the dosage is reduced, but the frequency of spraying is increased.

The golden orchid is not common among flower lovers. This is due to the demanding conditions of plants and the high cost of sprouts. But it is impossible to argue with the fact that a blooming golden orchid is beautiful.


Watch the video: Basic Oncidium Orchid Care! (May 2022).