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A new orchid from a baby: how to transplant a shoot from different parts of the plant and when can it be done?

A new orchid from a baby: how to transplant a shoot from different parts of the plant and when can it be done?


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Reproduction of an orchid occurs due to the appearance of shoots - babies, which protrude from the "sleeping buds" in a humid and warm room.

How to transplant a baby correctly, when and where to separate, every lover of indoor flowers wants to know the rules for detaching from the mother plant and leaving after transplantation.

The article describes in detail what a baby looks like, when and how to properly transplant it from the main plant, what care to provide after transplantation, and what problems you may encounter.

What it is?

Children are called shoots that appear on an adult plant during the growing season. Reproduction begins from the appearance of a seal, in the place of which a kidney is formed. A baby grows out of it, which has its own roots, a stem, miniature leaves and a peduncle.

Sometimes the sprout blooms directly on the parent orchid. The vegetation of the plant is activated in late spring, summer or early autumn. In winter, the appearance of children in an adult orchid is unlikely.

Where can a culture give new shoots?

The emergence of shoots is possible from several parts:

  • peduncle;
  • stem;
  • root.

In most cases, the sprouts protrude from the peduncle.

Why is it important to plant the shoots that she launched?

The shoot requires nutrients, which it pulls out from the adult plant. Because of this, the substances necessary for growth and preservation of viability become insufficient for two flowers and one dies.

Mostly the mother plant dies, sometimes the daughter plant. To keep both, they are seated. With the right action, a new orchid grows.

How do you know when it can be done?

The readiness to separate the daughter orchid from the parent is checked according to the following criteria:

  1. the appearance of five leaves on the sprout, with the help of which the young flower will breathe and feed;
  2. growing in a child at least three healthy and strong roots, each at least 5 cm long.

A shoot with weak roots cannot be separated, as it risks dying. Strong roots are ready to take root in a new place.

The loosening of the shoots is a serious stress for a blooming orchid.

It is not recommended to transplant the hatched shoot while the adult plant is blooming. The roots of the daughter shoot have not yet had time to form, so the new sprout will not be able to survive on its own.

Preparing items for the procedure

It is recommended to transplant an orchid baby into a thin pot with holes at the bottom and a diameter of 8-10 cm. The soil is prepared by mixing:

  • sphagnum moss;
  • ground tree bark (pine);
  • charcoal.

Materials needed:

  • activated carbon - 1 tablet (or crushed cinnamon);
  • expanded clay;
  • alcohol.

To perform transplant operations at home, the following tools are prepared:

  • secateurs;
  • sharp knife or scissors.

Tools are disinfected.

How to correctly separate from the peduncle and the base?

The procedure for separating the baby depends on the presence of roots in the shoot, which is determined by the place of formation of the shoot on the parent orchid. If the shoot has grown at the base of an adult flower, then there will be roots.

  1. Check the strength and length of the roots.
  2. Disinfect the instrument.
  3. Cut off the finished baby.
  4. After cutting, separate the roots of the shoot and the parent orchid.
  5. Sprinkle the cut with cinnamon or activated charcoal.

The procedure for separating the shoot with roots simplifies the task of transplanting. A baby growing on a peduncle is separated in three steps.

  1. Disinfect the cutting tool.
  2. Cut off the young shoot, grabbing part of the peduncle and leaving a couple of centimeters on the branch of the mother plant.
  3. Sprinkle the cut area with activated charcoal and allow to dry.

Attention! The shoot that grows from the trunk of the orchid cannot be separated in any case, since it and the flower feed from the same root. The new plant cannot survive on its own.

Transplant recommendations

  • The most favorable time for planting shoots is the warm season.
  • The temperature for transplanting an orchid shoot is +20 - + 25 ° C, a suitable air humidity is 50–60%.
  • The place where the orchid shoot is transplanted is chosen by flower growers depending on whether it has roots.
  • If the baby has grown roots, it is planted in the substrate. In the absence of rhizomes - in polystyrene or a greenhouse.

Cutting and replanting more than one baby from the parent plant at a time can kill the parent.

How to plant a shoot: step by step instructions

The sequence of actions in the process of transplanting the shoot depends on the presence of roots and the place of attachment of the baby.

Rooted

A young sprout of an orchid with a root is planted in a new soil. To get the desired result, you must strictly adhere to the rules.

  1. They start by preparing a pot according to this algorithm: a layer of expanded clay is placed on the bottom, a substrate is spread on it.
  2. Water the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate.
  3. The process is cut off.
  4. A hole is made in the soil and the sprout is placed there.
  5. Sprinkle the roots with a substrate.
  6. Cover with a greenhouse (plastic bottle).

Without root

A shoot that has no roots is not planted in the ground.

Rhizome growth can be accelerated in two ways:

  • The first method involves the steps outlined below:
    1. The baby is placed in a plastic bottle greenhouse that will keep warm and humid.
    2. A bottle with a shoot is hung over a pot with a substrate and they are waiting for the shoot to take root.
  • The second method of rooting an orchid sprout involves other actions:
    1. The baby is placed in foam.
    2. A hole is made through which the base of the shoot is pulled.
    3. The structure is placed in a glass of water and fixed.
    4. From above, the foam is covered with a greenhouse or wrapped in polyethylene film.

      The shoot is kept under water until the roots appear.

    5. A plant with roots is transplanted into the ground.

If it grows on a peduncle

The method described below is common, since the daughter sprouts are more often sticking out on the peduncle.

  1. Prepare a plastic cup by making a hole in the bottom.
  2. Remove scales from the base of the shoot, as this will allow the roots to germinate faster.
  3. Place a layer of expanded clay on the bottom of the prepared glass, and on it - the substrate.
  4. Install a horizontal support on top to support the plant.
  5. To secure the stem, a vertical support is installed.
  6. Attach the shoot to the support, preventing the bottom cut from touching the ground. Hanging the baby in the air will allow the roots to grow back.
  7. Cover the structure with a plastic eggplant without a bottom, put it in a warm place and water it regularly.

Important! After the roots grow, the young plant is placed in the ground.

Another way to grow roots in an orchid baby that has appeared on a peduncle:

A photo

Here you can see a photo of the deposited processes:

When to water for the first time?

The separated baby is watered for the first time after three days only with clean water. If you do this earlier, the infection is fixed on the cut, and the roots rot.

Difficulties

A difficult task for a florist is situations with a child who does not grow roots. Causes:

  • lack of lighting;
  • unsuitable fertilizer;
  • lack of moisture.

First, they eliminate the cause, then try to grow roots. Such methods of growing rhizomes are known:

  1. Escape swimming on styrofoam.
  2. Hanging the sprout above the ground.
  3. Creation of a greenhouse in a plastic glass with a hole, at the bottom of which drainage is placed, then rolled up and tied with a thread of moss (sphagnum), soaked for half an hour in water. Outside the glass, a support is built for the child so that the sprout does not touch the moss.

You can also grow roots in children that grow on a mother's orchid. Anchoring wet moss to the base of the peduncle helps the growth of roots in the shoots. The rhizome grows over a period of 3-6 months.

How to properly care after the procedure?

An orchid needs warmth, light and moisture, at the same time, their excess is harmful. Favorable conditions for orchid babies:

  • temperature - +25 ° C;
  • humidity 50-60%;
  • calm light;
  • protection from burns by direct scorching rays of the sun;
  • regular watering of dried soil with filtered water - after three days;
  • spraying leaves with water;
  • nitrogenous fertilizers at the root after watering or spraying with fertilizers - monthly;
  • make sure that there is no water in the pot.

Care is also provided for the mother plant after the children have been separated. Yellowing leaves, a stunted and withering plant are signs of a violation of the transplant rules or improper care of it.

The orchid reproduces by shoots - babies that appear on an adult plant: on the stem, peduncle and at the base. Shoots with strong roots are planted in a pot with a substrate. Children without roots are placed in a greenhouse or on polystyrene to grow roots.

For transplanting shoots, a number of rules are followed. Failure to comply with the instructions is fraught with yellow leaves of the plant, rotting of the roots, etc. The orchid is a whimsical plant and will die without observing the proper living conditions.

Video on how to separate a baby with roots from a peduncle and plant it in the ground:


Watch the video: How to grow Baby Orchid Plants Keikis - Keiki Paste for Phalaenopsis - Orchid Care for Beginners (May 2022).