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Hawthorn from ancient times considered fragrant, tasty and very useful berry... Nowadays, the fruits of the plant are often used in cosmetology, folk medicine, pharmacology. Unfortunately, fresh berries cannot be stored for a long time... Therefore, many are wondering how to preserve these fruits for the winter?
Scientists have proven that dried berries are not inferior to fresh ones, not only in composition, but also in therapeutic effect. If you adhere to the correct harvesting technology, berries able to maintain for a long time useful trace elements and vitamins.
How is it useful?
Since ancient times, hawthorn fruits have been widely used in folk medicine. Professionals often recommend drinking tea with berries and decoctions as an additional strengthening and healing agent.
The benefits of hawthorn berries are as follows: it strengthens the cardiovascular system, has a vasodilating effect, provides a good supply of oxygen to cells, increases the strength of heart contractions, normalizes heart rate, improves cerebral circulation. Has a positive effect on the circulatory system. Regulates blood clotting, normalizes cholesterol levels in the body.
Serves as the prevention of atherosclerosis. Good for the nervous system. Has a sedative effect without feeling tired, sleepy. Reduces feelings of anxiety, excitability. Normalizes night sleep promotes fast falling asleep.
Good for the gastrointestinal tract. Dried hawthorn is prescribed for people with duodenitis, gastritis. Healing decoctions, tea with berries help eliminate discomfort, abdominal pain, flatulence, effective for constipation in children.
For headaches, a decoction of bush flowers is useful. Sometimes the infusion is prescribed to strengthen the body after cancer. It has antioxidant properties, strengthens the immune system, restores physical strength after acute respiratory diseases and flu.
On the territory of our country grow different varieties of this plant. If you want to harvest fruits for the winter, pay attention to the Blood-red or Siberian hawthorn. Also common hawthorn (Smoothed). These varieties are in great demand in pharmacology and traditional medicine.
When to harvest hawthorns for drying? Berries begin to collect at the beginning of Septemberwhen they are fully ripe and have a deep red color. The berries are harvested before the first cold weather (before night frosts).
When collected, the shields break off along with the fruits. That is, you need to harvest not one berry at a time, but pluck a bunch with twigs.
It is recommended to pick berries only in dry, warm, sunny weather. Many have noticed that the shrub often grows not only in the garden area, but also in the wild (parks, forests, city limits). Please note that berries picked along busy roads, highways and major highways unsuitable for eating and drying, since they are capable of accumulating harmful substances, exhaust poisons. For health, such a hawthorn will not bring any benefit.
How to prepare the fruit?
Harvesting hawthorn for the winter is not a difficult process! The fruits are harvested just before drying, so as not to postpone this action until later. You ask the question: is it necessary to wash the hawthorn before drying? Berries must be washed running water to remove possible dust, debris, dirt. Then they are carefully sorted out. The stalks are removed. Throw away immature fruits, spoiled, darkened fruits, as well as damaged by birds and insects.
Flowers and leaves
For medicinal purposes use not only fruits hawthorn. The flowers and leaves of the shrub also have healing properties. Flowers are harvested in early June, leaves in late May and June.
When collecting leaves, it is important to select only fresh, healthy and young leaves. They are rich in nutrients and vitamins. Sometimes for medicinal purposes bush root is used... It is dug up in late autumn.
Hawthorn flowers contain flavonoids that improve blood circulation. As well as caffeic acid, amino acids and nutrients that are involved in the composition of body proteins.
Please note that the increased humidity is the main enemy for the preparation of flowers. You need to harvest flowers only in dry and warm weather. The process is complicated by the short flowering period (2-3 days). It is best to do this in the morning after the dew has come off the grass.
Only fully opened flowers are suitable. The flowers are cut with a small part of the stem. How to dry? The collected flowers are scattered thinly on paper or newspaper in a well-ventilated and dry place.
After drying, you can store the flowers in special cotton bags or paper bags. You can use wooden boxes, on the bottom of which a newspaper is spread. Shelf life blanks - up to 12 months.
How to dry a healthy fruit for the winter? It is very important for proper drying follow the necessary recommendations at all stages of work. It is necessary to harvest correctly. It is recommended to do this in warm and dry weather. Hawthorn berries must be collected not one at a time, but a whole bunch.
It is necessary to properly prepare the hawthorn for drying: rinse thoroughly and sort out berries. Then you can choose the most convenient drying method and strictly adhere to the recommendations for each method.
You can see how dried hawthorn looks like in the photo below.
Methods and terms of storage of berries
Dried hawthorn is best store in cloth bags or thick paper bags. Sometimes the fruits are stored in wooden boxes. A plastic bag is not the best place, as the berries can start to rot. Shelf life fruit - up to 2 years.
How to dry a hawthorn at home for the winter? There are different drying methods hawthorn. Drying hawthorn in the oven is considered the most common. For this, the berries are laid out on a baking sheet and sent to dry in the oven at a temperature of 50-60 degrees Celsius. It is better to leave the door slightly ajar so that the berries can dry out, do not steam or burn.
Drying of hawthorn fruits in an airfryer, in a microwave oven and in an electric dryer is also common. It should be noted that airfryer drying is a very modern method. How to properly dry the fruits of "boyarka" in the airfryer? Drying in it takes place in a special mode at a temperature of 45-60 degrees Celsius and an average blowing speed. The process takes less time than in the oven.
Often hawthorns are harvested for the winter along with rosehips. Information on drying rose hips in the oven, electric dryer, as well as in the airfryer and microwave can be found on our website.
Many still dried hawthorn on the street... How to dry? To do this, the berries are laid out in a thin layer on a piece of cloth, thin paper or mesh and left in a well-ventilated place for several days.
The fruits should not be exposed to direct sunlight. The berries are periodically turned over for even drying.
What are the best drying methods? There is no definite answer to this question. Everyone can choose the most convenient way of drying berries for themselves. It is definitely better to choose more modern and proven methods: oven or airfryer.
There is another way to preserve hawthorn - it is freezing, which you can find in more detail on our website.
Dried hawthorn berries possess whole a number of useful properties and qualities.
Since ancient times, they have been used as a strengthening, therapeutic agent in traditional medicine.
Remember that very it is important to adhere to the basic rules preparation and drying of berries so that they can preserve useful vitamins and minerals for as long as possible.