Also

Amazing Brussels sprouts: photos, useful properties, nuances of growing and much more

 Amazing Brussels sprouts: photos, useful properties, nuances of growing and much more



We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Brussels sprouts are a popular vegetable among health food aficionados.

It seems to many that this type of simple garden cabbage is very bitter. But when properly prepared, it is much tastier and healthier than an ordinary head of cabbage from the garden.

In the article we will see how Brussels sprouts look in the photo, consider its origin, benefits, cultivation, preparation and much more.

Definition

Mini cabbage or, as it is also called, "Brussels sprouts" is a vegetable crop, which is a variety of common cabbage, according to some researchers, is an independent subspecies.

Appearance

This vegetable does not look like the closest relative. Heads of cabbage are in the form of cones or cylinders, it can be round or oval, depending on the type, they are close to each other.

The size of the head of cabbage in diameter is not more than 3.5 centimeters. Cabbage color is bright green with small light and purple veins... It grows in clusters, where the heads of cabbage are tightly pressed and seem to be strung on one large branch, and are covered with large leaves on top.

A photo

In the photo you can see what it is - Brussels sprouts, what a vegetable looks like.





Botanical description

In botany, Brussels sprouts are classified as a biennial cross-pollinated plant, which outwardly differs markedly from the classic type of cabbage.

In the first year, she grows a thick stem, reaching a height of 60 centimeters. Although this type of cabbage belongs to the cabbage family, it is not like any other species of this family. Leaf blades are green or grayish-green, with a slight waxy coating.

On the stem, you can see small leaves on thin petioles, inflorescences are formed in the axils of these leaves - heads of cabbage the size of a walnut. One inflorescence can grow from 20 to 40 heads of cabbage... In the second year of life, flowering shoots appear in cabbage, the plant gives seeds.

The flowers themselves are yellow, sometimes with a white bloom, they have raised petals. The fruit of Brussels sprouts is a polyspermous pod, and the seeds are in the form of smooth black balls with a diameter of no more than 2 millimeters.

There are usually about 300 seeds in one gram. They can be used for planting for up to five years.

Brief history of origin

The mystery of the emergence of this mysterious type of cabbage is still considered not solved. Some sources say that Brussels sprouts were bred from collard greens by vegetable growers. Collard greens, as you might guess from the name, was first grown in Brussels. And already in the middle of the 18th century the name and classification of this vegetable was given by the famous scientist Carl Linnaeus.

He first gave its scientific description, and named it after the Belgian gardeners.

Cabbage appeared in Russia in the middle of the 19th century., but it was not possible to distribute it in our latitudes due to weather conditions. Now it is cultivated in the UK, USA and Canada.

Varieties

How to choose the right variety?

When choosing cabbage varieties with the name "Brussels sprouts", it is important to consider three main characteristics:

  1. Late ripeness of culture... The earliest varieties of cabbage do not ripen earlier than 130 days. The closer to the east of the country the growing area, the more reasons to plant early maturing varieties.
  2. Yield... If the most common variety "Hercules" forms an average of 40 heads of cabbage, then the new hybrids can boast a quantitative increase in yield by half and a large fruit size.
  3. Content of nutrients... Russian varieties go without changing the qualitative composition of cabbage. Foreign breeding hybrids are bred with a high content of protein, carotene and mineral salts.

Most Popular

  • "Isabel".
  • "Long Island.
  • Rosella.
  • Rudnef.
  • Franklin F1.
  • Dolmik F 1.

Comparison with Colored and Broccoli

Of course, when choosing cabbage, you need to focus on taste preferences... But the question arises, which vegetable is the healthiest? And which one is suitable, for example, for the first feeding.

Of course, broccoli is the leader in terms of the amount of nutrients. It contains carotene, a huge amount of plant proteins. This cabbage is the most dietary one, it blocks the formation of cholesterol, which means it is suitable for everyone who is losing weight. Cauliflower also contains a lot of proteins and vitamins, it is digested very quickly, but is not suitable for people with urolithiasis.

But the leader in terms of usefulness and assimilation by the body will be Brussels sprouts... It has three times more vegetable protein than white cabbage. With all this, it contains a huge amount of vitamin C! Cabbage is suitable for both children and adults.

It has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.

How is it useful?

Eating this variety strengthens blood vessels, protects the heart.

This is an excellent prevention of cardiovascular diseases. It is also useful:

  • For the respiratory system.
  • For the prevention of tumors.
  • For metabolism.
  • For normal bowel function.
  • For the normal functioning of the nervous system.
  • To recuperate.
  • Has beneficial properties for immunity.

Video about the benefits of Brussels sprouts:

Read more about the benefits and dangers of this vegetable in another material.

The nuances of use for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

With gastritis

Small heads of Brussels sprouts contain ballast substances, and they stabilize and normalize the intestines.

Cabbage perfectly and quickly removes all toxins from the body... Therefore, with gastritis, this vegetable is simply irreplaceable.

With pancreatitis

But with pancreatitis in an acute form, it is better to refuse Brussels sprouts. Its main disadvantage for patients with pancreatitis is the presence of a large amount of fiber, which, on the one hand, helps to get rid of cholesterol and toxins, effectively copes with intestinal obstruction. On the other hand, it provokes increased gas production and irritation of the digestive tract.

Can children eat?

Brussels sprouts are indicated for children, especially those with iron deficiency and problems with stool.

It is advised to use complementary foods already when the child reaches six months. You can use the cabbage puree or add a little boiled.

We talked about all the recommendations for eating vegetables for children and for breastfeeding here.

Step-by-step instructions for growing

  1. Brussels sprouts should be planted at an average daily temperature of 18-20 ° C.
  2. Dry the seeds.
  3. Plant in separate pots with a mixture of turf, peat and sand.
  4. The seedlings are not watered for the first two weeks.
  5. After two weeks, water the seedlings along with a clod of earth.
  6. Seedlings of Brussels sprouts are fed twice.
  7. Preparation for disembarkation begins in two weeks.
  8. For planting Brussels sprouts in the ground, it is better to choose a cloudy day.
  9. Place cabbage according to the 60 × 60 cm scheme, while the holes should be slightly larger than the seedling pot.

We are watching a video about the correct cultivation of Brussels sprouts:

Care

In fact, caring for a Brussels beauty is practically no different from caring for a white-headed one.

The only peculiarity is that cabbage cannot be hilled. This can cause the vegetable to rot. AND watering should be standard - twice a day in dry weather.

Diseases and pests

  • Brussels sprouts are attacked by such insects as cruciferous flea, cabbage fly, bear, wavy flea. Aphids, moths and cabbage bugs are especially dangerous. To avoid plant rotting and insects eating it, it is advisable to acquire special means.
  • Brussels sprouts most often suffer from diseases such as keela, white and dry rot, black leg, ring spot, downy mildew, vascular and slimy bacteriosis.

Use insecticides when attacked by pests, and if signs of fungal diseases appear, treat the plantings with fungicides. The plant needs to be given first aid immediately, otherwise you can lose the entire crop.

Cooking a vegetable

Diet soups and classic cabbage soup without meat

These soups are based on vegetables.

  1. To do this, you need to boil some of the vegetables, and sauté some. Passaged together: carrots, onions, tomatoes, Brussels sprouts.
  2. The rest of the vegetables - cabbage, potatoes - are boiled in a separate saucepan.
  3. If you want to cook cabbage soup, then add ordinary cabbage to the recipe. It needs to be chopped into strips and boiled until softened.
  4. Sour cream and fresh herbs will also go well with cabbage soup.

We are watching a video recipe for Brussels sprouts and peppers soup:

A couple of quick recipes

  1. Take prepared cabbage and toss in hot broth.
  2. Add pre-boiled carrots and potatoes, pour in a little tomato paste.
  3. In 15 minutes after re-boiling, mix thoroughly and cook for 15 minutes over low heat.

Another recipe:

  1. Stew the cabbage in a skillet with salt, pepper and tomato paste.
  2. Then boil chicken broth, add cabbage and dry vegetable mixture there, salt, pepper, add herbs.

Stewed cabbage in broth:

  1. First, fry the garlic and carrots, add a spoonful of cream and a spoonful of tomato paste, pepper, salt, add cabbage heads.
  2. Put out 15 minutes.
  3. Add potatoes and ordinary chopped cabbage to boiling water, cook for seven minutes.
  4. Then pour in the mixture from the pan.
  5. Season with salt and cook for another 10 minutes.
  6. You can add rice or other cereals to your soup to taste.

Another quick recipe for delicious Brussels sprouts:

You will find the main characteristics and recipes for making Brussels sprouts in another article.

Why can it taste bitter and what to do about it?

The only thing that scares away all cabbage lovers from Brussels sprouts is the bitterness in the taste.

This property can ruin any dish and cause rejection of the product not only among kids, but also among adults. But you can get rid of unpleasant bitterness.

Cabbage is usually bitter, which is not young, but has already "laid down" its own. But even an old vegetable can taste better. For this you need:

  1. Add basil, marjoram or other Provencal herbs to the dish.
  2. It is also recommended to add garlic when baking.
  3. Well, the simplest but most effective way, when cooking, add salt, a pinch of sugar, one teaspoon of vinegar. All this is counted per liter of water.
  4. You can also neutralize bitterness with lemon juice, adding a small amount to the prepared dish.

Conclusion

Brussels sprouts are a unique and extremely healthy vegetable, which is easy to prepare and will appeal to both children and adults. Growing it yourself is not difficult, it cooks quickly. And the famous bitterness is easy to remove with the help of proven means. The abundance of vitamins and trace elements in the composition makes it an order of magnitude higher than its cabbage relatives.


Watch the video: Growing Brussel Sprouts Increase Growth, Pruning and Harvest (August 2022).