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What is this lacy Savoy cabbage plant?

 What is this lacy Savoy cabbage plant?


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Any cabbage is definitely one of the most popular vegetables. Savoy cabbage appeared on the territory of Russia in the 19th century, but it still does not have wide distribution.

Only recently have gardeners and gardeners carried away the cultivation of interesting and useful plants, and this "lace beauty" has also been included in their number.

After all, it is so unpretentious and unpretentious in care that it guarantees an excellent result even for the most novice lovers of unusual plants.

General information

Definition

So what kind of plant is Savoy cabbage? The vegetable got its beautiful name in honor of the Italian county of Savoy (it was there that this species was bred), it has been successfully grown since the 17th century.

Italians also call it Lombard (formerly Savoy was part of Lombardy) and Milan. Poles and Czechs call it French, because in the 19th century Savoy became part of France. And in Europe, she is affectionately called "lacemaker" due to the lacy leaves.

Botanical description

Savoy cabbage belongs to the cruciferous family. In the first year of its growth, a short stump is formed, resembling a spindle in shape. A loose head of cabbage is subsequently formed on it. In the second year, the height of the trunk reaches 1.5 meters, the vegetable blooms and forms seeds.

Breeding history

This cabbage was first bred in the Italian fields (County Savoie), and its oldest ancestor is wild cabbage, which is still widespread in North Africa today. Initially, the Savoyard was eaten by ordinary people, and since the 18th century this vegetable has been appreciated and loved by aristocrats.

What it looks like, photo




In appearance, Savoy cabbage resembles white cabbage, only its leaves are not smooth, but bubbly (a distinctive feature), very similar to corrugated paper. Heads of cabbage are light, loose, inside they have light yellow or white leaves on the cut, and green outside. Their shape can be conical, round or slightly flattened.

The color scheme of this vegetable includes many shades of green:

  1. from light green to emerald;
  2. there are varieties with a silvery gray and bluish tint;
  3. blue-green;
  4. light yellow and yellow-green.

Structure

An elegant, light and lush Mediterranean vegetable has the following structure:

  • Productive organ - a head of cabbage, mostly round in shape, weighing from 1.5 kg to 3.5 kg.
  • Leaves - large, thin, without coarse veins, bubbly or corrugated, alternating fit.
  • Stem - low thickened.
  • Root system - highly branched, located shallowly, in the upper arable layer.
  • Inflorescences - are a multi-flowered raceme, large yellow flowers, bisexual.
  • Fetus - a small short pod, inside of which there are small spherical seeds of yellow or brown color; the germination capacity of these seeds lasts for 4 years.

Benefit and harm

There are a lot of benefits in this vegetable, since the composition contains: vitamins C, B1, B2, E, K, mineral salts, fiber, carbohydrates, proteins and organic acids. This cabbage is absorbed by the body very easily, therefore it is always recommended for dietary nutrition. It is also useful as an antioxidant agent, strengthens the immune system, improves the functioning of blood vessels and the heart.

This vegetable can greatly harm those people who have recently undergone surgery (especially for operations on the chest and abdominal cavity).

You will learn more about the benefits and dangers of savoy cabbage in this article.

Contraindications

There are a number of diseases in which the use of savoy cabbage is contraindicated:

  1. increased acidity of gastric juice;
  2. acute gastritis;
  3. ulcer;
  4. thyroid problems;
  5. exacerbation of pancreatitis.

Despite the tremendous benefits of savoy cabbage and its positive effects on the body as a whole, the product can be harmful to health if used improperly.

Comparison with other species

Savoy cabbageVitamins C, B1, B2, E, K, UDelicate thin corrugated leavesMedium to large green head of cabbage
White cabbageVitamins C, U, A, PPLeaves are dense, juicy, elastic, with thickeningsLarge round head of cabbage white
Brussels sproutsLutein, all vitamins of group B, C, ALeaves are delicate, miniatureMany small heads of cabbage on the trunk
Red cabbageVitamins C, anthocyaninsLeaves are hardLarge round head of cabbage of red (dark) color

Varieties

The varieties can be divided according to the ripening period and the most successful and recommended for cultivation can be distinguished.

Late:

  • "Ovasa F1". A high-yielding variety of Dutch selection, very unpretentious in care, leaves of a juicy dark green color, heads of medium size.
  • "Verosa F1". A hybrid variety with heads of cabbage up to 3 kg, well stored, has excellent resistance to low temperatures.

Average:

  • Melissa F. Hybrid high-yielding variety, emerald-colored leaves, prone to cracking, up to 3 kg weight.
  • "Sphere". Resistant to cracking, leaves are dark green with a bluish tint, heads of cabbage are large, reaching 3 kg.

Early:

  • "Golden early". Heads of cabbage of medium size, rounded, weighing about 1 kg, practically do not crack, leaves are light green; high-yielding variety.
  • "Mila 1". Early ripening variety, excellent yield, dark green leaves with a gray waxy bloom, large heads of cabbage, can gain weight up to 3 kg; grows well in heavy soils.
  • "Julius F1". An ultra-early variety, leaves of a delicate light green color, with dense planting, the heads of cabbage grow medium-sized (up to 1.5 kg), with a rare planting this variety is able to give a high yield, the weight of the head will be about 3 kg.

Growing

It is best to plant Savoy cabbage in open, sunny areas, on fertile light soils. In the fall, it is advisable to calcify the site, in the spring add ash, compost there, you can also add complex mineral fertilizer.

Planting is carried out by seedlings in early May, with 5 or 6 true leaves, at a distance of about 50 (or 40) cm from each other. Further care consists in weeding, loosening and watering. During the season, it is advisable to add organic fertilizing at least 2 times (it is better to make an infusion). You can find all the details about this type of cabbage and the nuances of its cultivation here.

Harvesting

They begin to harvest as they ripen, the early varieties - in August, some even in July, the later ones ripen only by October. It is not worth delaying the harvesting for too long so that the heads of cabbage do not begin to crack. Late varieties that will be put into storage must be removed in dry weather and at freezing temperatures.

Attention: when cutting, it is advisable to keep the 4 outer leaves to prevent the inner leaves from breaking off, as they are very delicate.

Storage

Early varieties for storage are not completely suitable; for this purpose, late and mid-late varieties are perfect, for example: Lacemaker, Uralochka, Valentina and others.

To properly lay this cabbage for storage, you will need to follow some rules:

  • There is no need to water the cabbage the day before harvesting.
  • Choose good heads of cabbage, no rot, dry a little.
  • The storage room should be no more than 5 degrees Celsius and 90% humidity, that is, a cellar or basement is suitable.
  • You can choose the most convenient storage method: in wooden boxes, in a pyramid or hanging.

What is it used for?

Savoy cabbage makes wonderful fillings for pies, rolls and dumplings.
A lot of different dishes can be prepared from this delicious vegetable:

  1. cabbage rolls;
  2. casseroles;
  3. hodgepodge;
  4. zrazy;
  5. salads;
  6. cabbage soup, soups;
  7. stew;
  8. omelets;
  9. stewed cabbage;
  10. stuffed cabbage.

Conclusion

Savoy cabbage is an unpretentious plant, it does not require any special care. It can be grown even in cold climates due to its good frost resistance. Its taste and vitamin composition successfully competes with many other types of cabbage.

And some gardeners are very fond of this vegetable, not only for its taste and benefits, but also as a unique ornamental plant with corrugated leaves.


Watch the video: HOW TO GROW CABBAGE (June 2022).


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