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Every summer resident wants to get a rich harvest from his site. But he is afraid to make the wrong choice of a planting site for seedlings. After all, a mistake in the selection of neighboring plants can not only significantly reduce the quantity and quality of the crop, but also deprive it altogether.
Dill is one of the most common aromatic herbs. And often, to save space, it is planted in beds with other crops. But is it as harmless as it seems at first glance? In the article, you will find out with what vegetables and with what herbs fragrant greens are friends, and from what it needs to be sown away.
Compatibility with other crops: what is the best way to grow in the garden?
In order to be able to grow greens, one must take into account what the fragrant herb is compatible with for growing next to, and with what it is not friendly and why.
Learn about the neighborhood with other vegetables.
The most common problem with fragrant greens is aphids. It is difficult to remove it, and with excessive insect activity, the plant can wither and die. But here the bow comes to the rescue. Onions and dill are a pair where there is a perfect match, since aphids do not tolerate the smell of onions and will not settle on the bushes located in the neighborhood.
In turn, the fragrant herb stimulates the rapid growth of the bulbous plant and closes it from the scorching sun. It is advisable to ensure that when planting between the seedlings there is at least 10-20 cm. Otherwise, the bulb will remain small, and the spice will go in height, and not density.
Dill exudes an unpleasant odor for the main tomato pest - the garden scoop. Due to this, butterflies fly around the bushes and do not choose them for laying eggs. Fragrant greens improve the taste of a tomato, but it is advisable to plant it no closer than 30-40 cm. Read more about growing dill next to tomatoes in this article.
Cucumber and dill are one of the best neighborhoods in the garden... Spicy annual:
- Stimulates the development of vegetables.
- Increases the fruiting period.
- Protects the ovary from drying out in the sun.
- It also attracts ladybugs that destroy pests.
Cucumbers, in turn, do not block the sun and give the green bush to accumulate concentrated aromatic oil. Both seedlings are similar in watering and get along well on the same bed. Plant not closer than 10-20 cm.
Beans store nitrogen through the bacteria that live on their roots. And thus helps the fragrant grass to receive nitrogen fertilizers, which affect its growth and thickening.
Beans are photophilous only at the beginning of development, at this time the spice bushes are still low and grow in width. Then, during flowering and fruit ovary, the bean needs moderate lighting and umbrellas of fragrant greenery come to the rescue. It is better to plant at a distance of 20-30 centimeters from each other.
The sunflower helps dill to cope with pests because it itself attracts birds that eat insects. But you don't need to plant too close. At an interval of at least 50 cm, since the dense shade of a sunflower is destructive for a fragrant spice.
Cabbage, kohlrabi, broccoli
For all types of cabbage, the greatest danger is posed by cabbage butterflies: whitefish and moth. Dill with its spicy aroma drives them away well and attracts predatory insects that eat caterpillars. It also acts as a growth stimulant and gives a pleasant aroma to cabbage. Forok grows well in the shade of a spicy bush... It is advisable to plant it at a distance of at least 30 centimeters.
Fennel has a scent similar to anise and does a very good job at repelling aphids. Dill does not like close proximity to this green bush and should be placed at intervals of 50-60 cm.
One of the main pests of legumes is the pea aphid. The fragrant spice attracts ladybugs, which actively destroy aphids. It also has a great effect on the taste of young peas. You need to plant at an interval of at least 30 cm.
Parsnips have a strong spicy aroma that repels grass pests well. Both plants are from the Umbrella family and do not like too close proximity with their relatives. When planting, it is worth making sure that there is at least 40-50 cm between them.
Zucchini is another vegetable that greens grow well with. Next door. The spicy bush ripens much earlier than the vegetable marrow, and protects its still growing fruits from the bright sun.
The aromatic greens also attract pollinator insects, and they help to increase the yield of this vegetable.
You can sow quite close to 20-30 cm, because they will not interfere with each other due to the different ripening period.
An excellent option for joint planting would be beets and dill.... The spicy annual ripens much earlier and will be removed from the garden, thereby leaving more room for the growing root crop. And when pulling out the roots of a fragrant bush, there will be an involuntary loosening of the mail, which has a great effect on the development of beets. The odorous herb also has a good effect on the taste of a bright vegetable. You can plant it at a distance of 20-30 cm.
Greens with radishes will be good neighbors. Radish does not tolerate the scorching sun and grows wonderfully in the shade of fragrant umbrellas. You can sow quite close, about 5-10 cm, as the radish ripens faster and gives way to greenery for further growth.
Root celery is loved by slugs and snails; dill drives them away from it with its smell. Both plants are from the same family and do not like too close proximity, the best gap for planting is no closer than 50-60 cm.
Mint suffers from aphid infestation. Dill attracts ladybirds, which actively fight against aphids. You can plant 10-20 cm nearby.
Strawberries are moderately sun-loving, so the neighborhood with a tall spice bush is perfect for her. He also drives away slugs and snails from ripening berries with his smell. Plant at a distance of 20-30 cm.
Neighborhood with potatoes
Potatoes are more affected by the Colorado potato beetle larvae, and the fragrant grass drives them away with its aroma. You can plant between the rows of potatoes, neither of them worsens the life of the other.
Is it possible with garlic?
Garlic fights aphids well and prevents them from multiplying. And the green spice, in turn, stimulates the development of garlic. You need to plant with an interval of about 20 cm.
What cannot be grown nearby?
Dill and carrots growing nearby drown out and inhibit each other's ripening... As a result, the harvest of both crops will be frail and scarce. The aromatic spice is also susceptible to carrot fly infestation, which is bad for both plants. It is undesirable to place on the same bed.
Dill, in close proximity, can infect basil with dill fly and aphids. And also both spices will acquire a more bitter and dryish taste. Sow at a distance of at least 5 meters.
Dill and watercress planted nearby are depressing, slowing down growth and maturation. It is desirable that at least 4 meters between them when landing.
What pests does aromatic grass protect vegetables and other plants in the country?
Dill perfectly protects various types of vegetables and herbs from snails, slugs, Colorado potato beetle, garden scoop, white butterfly, moth, aphid, five-spotted hawk moth, ticks, and also attracts beneficial insects.
The best neighbors for dill are fruit vegetables. This type of green has excellent compatibility with plants from the following vegetable groups:
- pumpkin family (cucumber, zucchini, pumpkin);
- cabbage family (cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi, radish);
- family of legumes (beans, peas, beans);
- onion family (onion, garlic);
- family of nightshades (tomato, potato, eggplant, pepper);
- the umbrella family (fennel, parsnip, celery).
Do not sow with dill:
In order to choose the right neighbors in the garden, it is better to choose seedlings from different families. Otherwise, they will attract common pests and spread the same diseases. Planning a neighborhood is not difficult, you just need to think in advance what you want to plant and check for compatibility. In case of incompatibility, it is advisable to replace one of the vegetables with a suitable crop.