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What should be the care for dill in the open field and at home? What does the plant like and what does not?

 What should be the care for dill in the open field and at home? What does the plant like and what does not?



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Dill has a reputation as the most popular herb in the cuisines of most of the world's nations. The plant has a specific taste and aroma that are unlike any other spice. Despite the unpretentiousness of dill, lush thickets of a fragrant plant are not found in every garden. To succeed in growing your favorite garden crop, you need to show a little patience and figure out what the plant lacks for full development.

How to care when grown outdoors?

In order for carved dill leaves to delight you with abundance all summer, you need to know about some of the secrets of growing a culture.

Temperature

Dill culture tolerates low temperatures steadily. Seeds that overwinter in the garden are capable of germinating already at +3. The first sowing can be done immediately after the last snow has disappeared. Young shoots will survive light night frosts down to -4.

Important! Washing the seeds with hot water before sowing will significantly accelerate the germination of seeds.

The most acceptable for planting dill seeds is a stable air temperature from 13 to 18.

To ensure uninterrupted collection of greens, the culture must be sown at intervals of 2-3 weeks.

Starting in mid-April, you can safely start planting dill in open ground.

An early harvest of dill can be obtained using the winter sowing method. To do this, in the fall, before the onset of frost, sow the seeds to a depth of 2 cm, leaving a distance between the rows of 20 cm. The top layer does not need to be compacted, as soon as the air and soil are warmed up to the desired temperature, the dill grains will begin to sprout.

A place

Dill prefers sunny, spacious places. If planted in the shade, it stretches strongly towards the sun and forms a thin, weak stem.

The culture does not like close proximity to other inhabitants of the beds. It is especially important to create space for bush varieties of dill. If there is enough space, the bushes grow juicy and spreading.

The preferred dill neighbors will be:

  • bow;
  • garlic;
  • cabbage;
  • potatoes.

Reference! It is not recommended to plant parsley and carrots near fragrant crops.

Priming

Dill grows poorly on acidic and heavy soils. Ideal for growing greenery is a neutral, weed-free, loose soil.

Mineral fertilizers or humus are applied in the fall. Immediately before planting, the soil for dill is not fertilized. Ash and lime applied before planting give the leaves a red color.

Top dressing

Calcium-containing mineral dressings help neutralize acidic soil. Fresh fertilization will cause the leaves to turn red. Therefore, it must be introduced when growing dill predecessors:

  • beets;
  • cabbage;
  • cucumbers.

Dill gains its vegetative mass due to the sufficient amount of nitrogen in the soil. Most often, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are used for feeding greens:

  1. Ammonia water.
  2. Urea.
  3. Potassium nitrate.
  4. Ammonium orthophosphate.
  5. Mullein solution contains a lot of nitrogen.
  6. An excellent option for feeding dill is the preparation and use of weed tincture. To get free fertilizer, pour water intended for irrigation into a large container. Weeds plucked during weeding are put into this container. The liquid is infused, the resulting solution can be watered with plants. After watering, the container is again filled with water and the weeds are put into it.

Attention! In anticipation of a huge harvest of greens, it is impossible to increase the doses indicated in the instructions, since an excess of nitrates can accumulate in the green mass and instead of vitamins, substances harmful to health will get on the table.

How to transplant?

Dill is grown both by sowing seeds in the ground and using seedlings. To get early sprigs of greenery, seeds are germinated at home. For subsequent transplantation into open ground, the sprouts need a pick.

10-14 days after sowing, dill shoots form 2-3 leaves. This means that the time has come for the pick. Plant picking is the shortening of the center root by pinching or pruning.

  1. In prepared peat pots, a depression is made with a pencil or a peg.
  2. The sprout is very fragile, it is removed from the soil carefully, holding the cotyledons with two fingers.
  3. The root dive.
  4. A young plant is lowered into the hole so that the root is placed evenly, does not bend.
  5. The cotyledons should be visible on the soil surface.

The next 7 days after picking, the sprouts should be in a warm room with an air temperature of at least + 25 °.

Important! Seedlings are planted in open ground when the temperature reaches + 12o together with peat pots or with a lump of earth.

Can you transplant when thinning?

At the first thinning, when the plants reach a height of 6 cm, the dill can be replanted. Bush varieties tolerate transplantation especially well. Subsequent material after thinning can be used as food or planted.

Weeding

Dill care comes down to three main factors:

  1. Landing.
  2. Weeding.
  3. Watering.

At these moments, culture requires careful attention to itself.

Weeds can significantly slow down the growth of dill. Therefore, it is important not to allow them to reach large sizes, as they will drown out cultivated plants. Remove the weed as soon as it appears. After the appearance of 4-5 leaves, the dill grows and weeds become less.

Do I need to thin out and how to do it?

Consider whether it is necessary to thin out the greens and how to properly thin out the plant. Thinning is an important point for successful dill cultivation. The plant likes to have a lot of free space around it. In order for the thickets of dill to be thick and fluffy, the distance between the plants should be 8-10 cm.

When thinning, weaker specimens are removed by the root, which can be transplanted to another suitable place. The survival rate of dill sprouts is high.

Hilling

Hilling of plants is done to increase the root mass. For a crop such as dill, hilling can be harmful. Getting on the leaves, wet earth causes them to rot.

Loosening

For successful cultivation of dill, plants need to provide good air circulation for the roots. Weeds take away space from cultivated plants, compact the earth and take up nutrients. Therefore, weeding is a must.

To keep the soil breathable, the first loosening is carried out after germination of seedlings shallowly, by 5-6 cm. The next loosening is carried out deeper, by 10-12 cm.

Watering

Immediately after planting the seeds, you do not need to water the garden bed, as the water will compact the soil and deepen the seeds, which will slow down their germination. Further development of plants requires moderate watering.

  • Too frequent watering causes root rot and the development of diseases (read about diseases and pests of dill here). Also, a large amount of moisture reduces the content of essential oils, which negatively affects the aroma of greens.
  • In dry land, the development of green mass stops.

Attention! It is necessary to monitor the topsoil. When you notice the appearance of a dry crust, it's time to water the dill.

In the summer, the crop is watered 1 or 2 times a week.

How to care when growing at home?

If it is not possible to grow dill in the garden, you can do it at home on the windowsill. In the open field, the crop grows thick and spreading on almost any soil. For home breeding, you should choose a fertile soil for indoor plants.

Dill needs a lot of light and space. Therefore, the growing container should be wide and deep, and the location in the most illuminated part of the apartment. Additional electric lighting can be used to increase daylight hours.

What does the plant love and what does not?

The harvest from dill beds will never disappoint if the plants have a lot of light, moderate watering and light neutral soil. In a swampy and shady place in close proximity to self-like or other plants, dill grows weak and quickly dies before reaching maturity.

It is not difficult to get juicy dill greens if you follow the rules of cultivation and care.


Watch the video: How and When to Harvest Dill (August 2022).