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"Clear flower" - catharanthus. Interesting facts, photos of varieties, the nuances of growing at home and in the garden



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Katarantus is a very beautiful bushy plant that can be grown not only in a garden plot or in a vegetable garden, but also at home.

Catharanthus flowers have a lot of different shades, their abundant flowering pleases the eye of any grower. Below in the article there will be a detailed description of the plant, as well as talk about how to care for it.

Botanical description and habitats

Catharanthus - Catharanthus roseus. Its name in translation means - "pure flower" or "clear flower". The plant belongs to the kutrovy family.

The flower has several other names:

  • "Periwinkle";
  • Cayenne jasmine;
  • "Madagascar wine".

In nature, the catharanthus is found in the tropics and subtropics. The island of Madagascar, Indonesia, the Philippines, Africa - all these are its habitats.

Homeland and history

The homeland of the catharanthus is the island of Madagascar.

Catharanthus is a perennial evergreen semi-handicraft plant. In the 18th century, catharanthus began to be grown at home. For a long time, botanists ranked the flower as one of the varieties of the European periwinkle. And only in 1837 a new genus Katarantus was described.

What is this plant, what does it look like?

Katarantus has a taproot system covered with filamentous processes. It goes to a depth of 25 - 35 cm. The bushes of the plant are branched, reaching a height of 60 cm. In the wild, the shrub grows up to 1.5 meters.

The flower stems are powerful and fleshy. The leaves of the catharanthus are oblong, green in color with white veins. The flowers are small, round, 5 cm in diameter. Inside the flower are small black seeds. The flower has five leaves, smooth to the touch.

Katarantus has a variety of colors. These are snow-white, pink, lilac, blue, cherry flowers. Thanks to selection, they can be:

  • purple;
  • purple;
  • burgundy;
  • dark blue.

Catharanthus blooms from late spring to October. At home, it can bloom all winter.

It is worth knowing that the catharanthus is poisonous, so you need to take care of it with caution and keep children or animals away from it. Parts of the plant contain alkaloids. It is necessary to work with it with gloves so as not to get poisoned or allergic.

Types and varieties - description, photo

Plants are divided into varietal groups. Plant varieties vary:

  1. flowering period;
  2. bush shape;
  3. the color of the petals;
  4. the shade and shape of the leaves.

Ampelny (cascading)

Characteristics of the ampelous catharanthus:

  • The branches of the bush reach 75 - 150 cm.
  • Flowers bloom along the entire length of the stem.
  • The main shade is red.

Aristocrat

Characteristic:

  • Spherical crown (up to 50 cm).
  • It begins to bloom in July - August.
  • The flowers are large, 5 cm in diameter.
  • Colors: white, scarlet, all shades of pink.
  • Contrasting colors of the flower core.

Pacific (pacific)

Characteristic:

  • The height of the bushes is 25 - 30 cm, the width is 15 - 20 cm.
  • Colors: white, pinkish, apricot with a red center, wine colors with a white center.
  • They have bright, shiny, large leaves.

First kiss

Characteristic:

  • Colors: purple, coral, salmon, dark pink.
  • The height of the bush is up to 40 cm.
  • Flowers 6 cm in diameter.

Cooler

Characteristic:

  • Bushes up to 40 cm high.
  • Strongly branched.
  • The diameter of the flower is 6 cm.

There are only 8 main types of catharanthus. In culture, only the species under consideration is found - catharanthus pink periwinkle. It is the basis for breeding ornamental varieties, many of which are hybrids.

About katrantus rosea, its use and cultivation is described here.

Reproduction at home

From seed

Seedlings are grown in late February - early March. The soil for seedlings should be loose and fertile.

You can prepare the soil yourself. For this you will need:

  • humus;
  • sand;
  • sod land;
  • peat.

An equal amount of all soil constituents is taken. Before use, the soil should be steamed for disinfection.

Planting seeds:

  1. The seeds are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate for three or four hours.
  2. For sowing, choose seedling boxes or plastic cups.
  3. The containers are not filled to the very top, but leave a place for adding soil.
  4. Moisten the soil before planting.
  5. Seeds are planted to a depth of 1.5 - 2 cm with a distance of 3 - 4 cm.
  6. The container is covered with foil.
  7. The place should be well lit.
  8. The optimum temperature for keeping seedlings is +24 - 25 degrees.

Seedling care:

  1. remove the shelter after germination;
  2. water in small portions;
  3. plants dive into separate peat pots after 2 - 3 weeks, when 3 - 4 true leaves appear;
  4. the earth must be loosened from time to time;
  5. maintain air humidity over 50%;
  6. at the end of May, they are transplanted into open ground.

Video on how to sow catharanthus seeds correctly:

From cuttings

Such reproduction is carried out from the upper cuttings of the plant.

You can root in plain water, or in a mixture of sand and poured. Planting material is harvested in early spring.

  1. Division into cuttings is performed with a sharp knife and buried in the ground by 1 - 2 cm.
  2. Cover with a protective cap.
  3. The plant is sprayed and aired every day.
  4. As soon as the sprouts take root, the shelter is removed.

Video on how to propagate catharanthus by cuttings:

By dividing the bush

Produced with a spring transplant. Each part taken from the bush must have a good root system, otherwise the plant may not take root. Planting material is planted immediately to a permanent place.

Growing and care in the open field, in a flower bed

The transplanting of catharanthus seedlings is carried out in May (after the 20th), when the threat of frost has passed.

Seat selection

Plants do not like too shaded places and cold winds. In the shade, the catharanthus will not bloom, so a sunny, warm place is chosen for it. A flower bed is good for a plant.

Watering

Katarantus requires frequent and generous watering, but so that the water does not stagnate. In addition, it is necessary to spray the bushes daily.

Top dressing

The plant is fed every ten days. For feeding, special complex fertilizers are used for flowering plants.

Pruning

Pruning the branches of the plant is necessary, because the bush grows quickly. Outdoor pruning is done in summer. Cut off the branches by 1/3. Remove dried shoots, giving the bush a shape.

Topping

In young plants, the tops of the branches are pinched to grow a compact and beautiful crown. The branches stop growing upward, and the side shoots grow, due to which the crown becomes thick and beautiful.

About planting katrantus in open ground and care is described here.

How to take care of indoors?

To achieve abundant flowering, you need to properly care for the flower:

  1. Pot selection. Catharanthus is a fast-growing flower, therefore, for its growth and development, a large and wide container is chosen for it.
  2. Temperature. Katarantus is thermophilic. It blooms profusely at a temperature of +27 - 28 degrees. In winter, the temperature is lowered to +12 - 18 degrees.
  3. Lighting. The flower is placed on the east or west side. With regular airing, direct sunlight is not terrible for the catharanthus, but it is very important to protect the plant from drafts.
  4. Watering. Water abundantly all year round. Avoid drying out or waterlogging of the soil (stagnant water). The flower requires daily spraying.
  5. Fertilizers. To fertilize the catharanthus, mineral complexes with a high content of potassium and phosphorus are used. They are fed twice a month.
  6. Transfer. Katarantus needs an annual transplant. It is held in the spring. In the summer, you can plant a flower in open ground, but be sure to return it home for the winter.

Possible problems

Diseases

  • Lack of flowering and slow growth. This occurs when the catharanthus is fed little or with the wrong choice of soil.
  • The appearance of brown spots on the leaves - this is a consequence of waterlogging of the soil.
  • Yellowing of the leaves. The reason is low air humidity and insufficient watering of the plant.
  • Shedding buds - this is a consequence of poor flower care.

Pests

Although the catharanthus is quite resistant to diseases, it, like many flower plants, is susceptible to the harmful effects of various pests.

The most common parasites are:

  1. spider mite;
  2. shield;
  3. aphid;
  4. whitefly;
  5. mealybug.

When parasites appear on the plant, it is necessary to treat it with soapy water, or with special means, insecticides:

  • Biotlin;
  • Aktara;
  • "Commander".

In general, caring for a catharanthus is quite simple and does not require much effort. It is important to remember and follow the rules of its cultivation: water, feed, pruning, pinching and transplanting in a timely manner. If you are attentive to it, then this beautiful flower will become a worthy decoration of your garden or room.


Watch the video: Local Flowers, Local Farmers: A Growing Movement (June 2022).


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