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Lobelia is a plant that can often be found in professional landscaping and architectural flower arrangements.
It does not yet have great popularity among domestic florists, which is a huge omission. Having created the necessary conditions for lobelia, you can get a unique flower garden that will delight you with its aesthetic properties.
What is this culture?
The lobelia flower is a herbaceous plant in the Bellflower family., the length of which can reach 120 cm, depending on the species. There are both annual and perennial.
Among the varieties: ampelous and bushy. Differs in many thin branches with a huge number of strong branches.
They decorated with countless leaves of a rich light green color... The leaves themselves are thin and delicate and have an elongated shape.
Flowers appear en masse around the entire perimeter of the bush, together they resemble a cloud, when planted in the ground - a colorful coverlet on the ground.
The plant continues to delight the eye throughout the summer, upon completion of flowering, boxes with seeds appear in place of bright petals.
The lobelia plant takes root well in garden beds and open flower beds. But, like other flowers, she migrated to the window sills and balconies of apartments. Growing a flower in a balcony space can be done by planting ready-made seedlings or seeds. In these ways, you can create entire greenhouses from lobelia.
Today, the plant has about 3 hundred species that grow almost all over the world. The vast majority of lobelias are found in the subtropical zone, slightly less of them grows in countries with temperate climates.
Lobelia sessile and Lobelia Dortman grow wildly in Russia.
Lobelia originated from the Cape region of South Africa, the plant from there came to all continents. More common in the subtropics. The flower was named after botanist Matthias de L'Obel from Holland.
When planting a plant in open soil, it must be borne in mind that although lobelia can grow in partial shade, it still prefers sunny areas. The light of the sun helps the lobelia grow evenly at the same time, without stretching upward, which allows the flowers to become more lush and large.
If there is no other place or the landscape design project does not allow you to plant flowers in a bright area, then you need to be ready for enhanced plant care. As for the soil, it is better to give preference to loose and loamy soil. It can be made independently by mixing the components:
- ordinary soil.
Do not plant lobelia in fertilized or fertile soil, as the flowers are small and sparsely arranged. The leaves will receive all the nutrients.
Ready-made seedlings are planted in the ground. This is done in a few simple steps:
- It is necessary to make several holes about 20 to 25 cm deep.
- It is necessary to take into account the distance between the pits - 20cm.
- Drainage is placed in each depression - expanded clay, brick fragments. This is necessary so that the water does not stagnate.
- On top of the drainage, soil is sprinkled, and young bushes are planted.
- Seedlings are rooted in 4-5 pieces in one cavity.
Outdoor lobelia care is quite primitive, it includes:
- top dressing.
Bushes are fed only three times:
- immediately after planting in the soil;
- before the first flowering;
- before trimming peduncles.
Read more about planting, growing and caring for lobelia here.
What other plants can be planted in a flower bed?
The rule of organizing any flower bed, flower garden or landscape project is that the main thing is to please yourself. However, there are nuances in the formation of color combinations and combinations of plants. As for the aesthetic plan:
- Petunia Parkle Feasting.
If we take into account that lobelia is an annual plant, then the following flowers are combined with it, as with a view:
- Chinese aster.
- Field cornflower.
- Self-seeding poppy.
There are many combinations for creating bright architectural compositions for the garden. But in any case, it is necessary to take into account the color schemes and botanical features of flowers.
Types: description and photo
In total, there are over 300 kinds of flower, which can be roughly divided into:
- annual, perennial.
Then you can see them in the photo.
Ampelous or climbing flowers are characterized by elongated thin branches. Their length can reach 120 cm. Leaves and inflorescences are scattered along the entire length of the shoot. Suitable for growing:
- in hanging flowerpots;
- large pots;
- flower beds.
It is not recommended to plant on paths, because of the length they will get tangled underfoot.
Ampelous lobelia include:
It is recommended to pinch flowers of this type so that they branch better.
Bush plants include plants with compact bushes up to 30 cm long.They are decorated with:
- flower beds, etc.
The most remarkable variety of this species is the Royal Palace (height up to 15 cm).
Cascading lobelias are similar to ampelous, but differ in their density. The length of the branches can be up to 40 cm. Suitable for disembarkation at elevations:
- stepped flower beds;
- decorative boxes.
Distinguish by color:
Annual lobelias are planted at a time, for one growing season.
Most popular among annuals:
- blackberry or Erinus;
Perennial lobelias live for more than 2 years. Among the varieties of this variety:
- Perfect (up to 90 cm).
- Purple (up to 90cm).
- Shiny (up to 75 cm).
You can plant a flower by seeds and cuttings.
Lobelia seeds are planted in the ground just like any other seed.
When self-collecting ampel flower seeds, the grown plants may differ from the parent plant.
This applies to hybrid plants. In this regard, hybrid varieties are best bred by cuttings.
From the video you will learn how to grow lobelia from seeds:
- For grafting, already adult bushes are taken. The color is dug out together with the root system, without clearing it from the soil. After that, they are transplanted into a flowerpot for wintering indoors. The flowering process can last until frost, then a two-month dormant period. Lobelia is placed in a cool place and stop watering abundantly.
- By the end of February, the flower releases young twigs. Add fresh soil to the flowerpot, and distribute the runners in different directions. A little later, spine roots will appear at the base. They must be cut off and placed in separate containers.
- When the "kids" reach 4-5 cm, they pinch them to get several young plants from the cuttings at once. In May, they are placed in open ground.
Lobelia is an architectural and ornamental plant that will decorate any corner of the house and garden with a bright, dense flowering. It has a variety of colors and is easy to care for, so it will be an excellent choice for any grower.